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8 Types of Audit Evidence Flashcards



8 Types of Audit Evidence Flashcards

In a previous post, I offered up a brief survey of the types of audit evidence available to a manager. This time, I will present a more in-depth look at the 8 audit evidence types that can be used at various levels.

When you are starting out in the world of finance and auditing, you need to know the basics. And the best place to start is with the 8 types of audit evidence.

In this article, we will take a look at the different kinds of audit evidence, and discuss what each one is, who should use it, and why it should be used.

Home Accounting 8 types of audit information Flashcards

11. November 2020
Accounting Adam Hill

The working papers summarize your audit work, such as. B. Planning of the audit. For example, to support the conclusion that cash is accurately recorded in the balance sheet, you can create a table of all bank reconciliations and confirm that they match the balance sheet with no discrepancies. The Committee on Budgetary Control will meet on 7. The European Investment Bank’s (EIB) 2018 annual financial monitoring report will be voted on in the European Parliament plenary on 16 May. The committee will also vote on the 2018 EU Financial Protection and Anti-Fraud Report.

The income statement, balance sheet and other financial statements may be prepared from the accounting accounts included in the same balance sheet. support the content of the auditor’s report, including the auditor’s presentation of compliance with the standards of work in this area implied by reference in the auditor’s report to generally accepted auditing standards.

Working papers specifically prepared to assist the auditors in planning and performing the engagement, such as. B. Audit plans, internal control questionnaires and flow charts, time budgets, and engagement memoranda. The working papers help the auditor to allocate the time needed to carry out the various auditing procedures. The working paper helps the auditor to record the various issues discussed with the management during the audit. The auditor and the members of the audit team shall draw up working documents during the audit.

Before signing the engagement letter, the auditor must obtain information about the client, perform the necessary due diligence on the client, and assess whether to refuse or accept the engagement. In this case, the fact that the order has already been signed means that the evaluation has already been made and accepted. Audit working papers are documents that auditors prepare or use in the course of their work. These documents include a brief description of the nature of the client’s business, flow charts of the business processes, the audit programme, documents or information received from the client, and the documents used to review the audit.

Working papers are documents prepared by reviewers that summarize their work, including evidence, testing, and conclusions related to the audit objectives. An essential part of any audit engagement is the documentation that the auditors prepare to support their final report. In this lesson, we will discuss the importance of working papers and provide some best practices for writing working papers. The auditor can compile his own working documents for his files, audits and reports.

Credit notes, receipts and copies of invoices are prepared internally and verified by a third party only after review by the internal auditor. A trial balance is a list of all general ledger accounts (income and capital accounts) included in the company’s general ledger. This list contains the name of each nominal ledger account and the balance value of that nominal ledger account. Each ledger account will have a debit or credit balance. The debit values are shown in the debit column of the trial balance and the credit values in the credit column.

This is strong secondary evidence of the existence of unpaid receivables at the end of the audited reporting period. Documents drawn up by the organisation and requested from the organisation by the internal auditor. They enable the auditor to advise the client on improving internal controls and the effectiveness of the accounting system. Records that document the evidence gathered by auditors to demonstrate the work performed, the methods and procedures used, and the conclusions reached during the audit of the financial statements or other type of engagement.

Documents must be retained for a sufficient period of time to meet auditor requirements and professional record retention requirements. The auditor must maintain the confidentiality of the client’s affairs. Audit procedures performed by the auditor to detect material misstatements in account balances, transaction categories and disclosures. The risk that auditors unknowingly fail to properly adjust their audit opinion for financial statements that contain material misstatements.

Types of working papers

  • The PCAOB establishes auditing standards and related professional practice standards that audit firms must adhere to when preparing and issuing audit reports.
  • The current audit file contains information on audits carried out in the current period.
  • Audit working papers also include the words or Excel files used by the auditors to document the key elements of internal control over financial reporting for the client, the nature of the transaction, and the working papers for the audit work.

The total amount in the table must correspond to the final balance of the balance sheet. A summary sheet (also known as a totals sheet) is a document that serves as a summary and index to the composition of items in the financial statements and related notes.

Although there are many types of working papers, three are the most common: Summaries of interviews, worksheets, and inventory documents. Each of these working papers documents documents different types of evidence and testing, but they should contain all the basic information. The source of the data/information, the explanation of the test or analysis performed, the name of the researcher who performed the test, the date of the test, the results, and the conclusions should always be included in each working document. The folder working documents are usually copies of transcripts with handwritten folder calculations. To ensure the accuracy of financial statements – not just the basic income statement and balance sheet, but also supporting statements – auditors can make a copy of these statements and then recalculate the totals.

Select a sample of key suppliers and send negative reviews to ensure they have actually provided goods or services. They are not part of the client’s financial statements and do not replace them. Working papers should be kept in a safe place with the auditor. Employees of the client or third parties should not have access to the working documents.

The working papers support the final audit report by summarising the evidence and conclusions used to formulate the recommendations and opinions in the final report. While the end product of the audit engagement is a well-written and understandable audit report, the working papers are the most important documents in an audit.

In addition, the auditor may receive documents produced by both audit clients and third parties. Working papers are usually received or prepared by staff or audit assistants. These documents are then reviewed by another, more experienced auditor, as well as by appropriate persons such as audit managers or audit partners. Examples of working papers include those used by auditors to record the nature of the client’s business, conduct due diligence on the client, and evaluate the client. For example, an auditor has contracted with an entity to audit its financial statements.

Audit working papers are also called control documents because they are a very important part of the audit work. These documents are supporting documents that help auditors draw conclusions about the financial statements. The reliability of supporting documents depends to a large extent on their origin and the route they took before being checked by the internal auditor.

A recent fact-finding mission to the Czech Republic, concerning reports of possible irregularities in the management and distribution of EU cohesion and agricultural funds, will also be discussed. Some of the auditor’s working papers may provide a useful source of reference for the client, but the working papers should not be considered a part of or a substitute for the client’s accounting records. Working documents are records kept by the investigator of the procedures followed, tests carried out, information obtained and the relevant conclusions drawn during the mission. Examples of working papers include audit programs, analyses, memoranda, letters of confirmation and representation, excerpts from business records, and statements or observations prepared or received by the auditor.

They show their work on a copy of the financial report and then record it as a working document. The standard requires the auditor to ensure that sufficient and appropriate audit documentation is obtained and to demonstrate this to relevant parties by documenting, recording and retaining audit documentation. Documents sent directly to the internal auditor by a third party are less reliable than documents created by the organization itself. If clients do not return confirmations to the auditor, the auditor may go to great lengths to obtain confirmations, given the high quality of this form of evidence. If no confirmation is received, the auditor’s next step is to examine subsequent cash receipts to determine whether customers have paid the unconfirmed invoices.

Which of the following uses of PSM standards would be most effective in solving the auditor’s problem? Make a list of all purchases over $10,000 to see if they are authorized. Sample all expenditures under $10,000 to determine if they are properly approved c. Select a sample of key suppliers and review supporting documentation for goods or services received. d.

What are the most common types of working documents?

Working papers. Working papers are a set of documents that the auditor collects during the audit of the client’s financial statements. Working papers are the evidence on which the auditor’s opinion of the client’s financial statements is based.

Content of working documents

The working papers are the link between the client’s files and the audited financial statements. The control documents are the result of the documentation process. Audit working papers are records of the various audit procedures carried out, the evidence obtained, the distribution of work among the members of the audit team, etc. Audit working papers are the documents and evidence collected and retained by the auditor during the audit.

What is the purpose of the working documents?

Although there are many types of working papers, three are the most common: Summaries of interviews, worksheets, and inventory documents. Each of these working papers documents documents different types of evidence and testing, but they should contain all the basic information.

Working documents can also take the form of data stored on tapes, films or other media. The summary schedule provides an overview of the general ledger accounts included in the various items of the financial statements and the notes thereto. In general, a master plan shall be drawn up for each balance sheet item or group of related items.

The rate at which a document drifts depends on the structure of the original document or the original intent of the document or the instructions to modify the document. The Internal Auditor is concerned about the possibility of fraudulent payments to fictitious suppliers. The Company’s authorized officers, who are responsible for the purchase of certain products, have been given the authority to approve expenditures up to $10,000.

It is called the main table because it is traditionally the first page of the relevant section of the file, with cross-references to the working papers and documents stored behind it. Auditing standards require the auditor to document sufficient, reliable, relevant and useful information to support the findings and conclusions of the audit engagement. To this end, detailed working papers are prepared for each audit assignment.There are two main types of evidence used in auditing: audit evidence and control evidence. Audit evidence is factual information that the auditor uses to ensure his or her findings are accurate. Control evidence is factual information to support the control environment used for the audit.. Read more about outline four 4 methods of obtaining audit evidence and provide a brief illustrative example of each and let us know what you think.{“@context”:”https://schema.org”,”@type”:”FAQPage”,”mainEntity”:[{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”What are the 8 types of audit evidence?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” 1. Documentary evidence 2. Testimonial evidence 3. Physical evidence 4. Expert opinion 5. Statistical data 6. Financial statements 7. Computer records 8. Other Documentary evidence, Testimonial evidence, Physical evidence, Expert opinion, Statistical data, Financial statements, Computer records, Other”}},{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”What is audit evidence and examples?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Audit evidence is any information that can be used to support the auditor’s opinion. Examples of audit evidence include: – Financial statements and related notes – Internal control over financial reporting documents, such as a risk assessment or internal control plan – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers”}},{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”What describes some audit evidence?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Some audit evidence is a list of transactions that are not in accordance with the company’s policies.”}}]}

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the 8 types of audit evidence?

1. Documentary evidence 2. Testimonial evidence 3. Physical evidence 4. Expert opinion 5. Statistical data 6. Financial statements 7. Computer records 8. Other Documentary evidence, Testimonial evidence, Physical evidence, Expert opinion, Statistical data, Financial statements, Computer records, Other

What is audit evidence and examples?

Audit evidence is any information that can be used to support the auditor’s opinion. Examples of audit evidence include: – Financial statements and related notes – Internal control over financial reporting documents, such as a risk assessment or internal control plan – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers – Auditors’ work papers

What describes some audit evidence?

Some audit evidence is a list of transactions that are not in accordance with the company’s policies.

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Enchanted Woods and Forest Slots: Exploring the Mystical Realm of Nature




In the realm of online casino gaming, a genre taps into the enchanting allure of nature and woodland mysteries: Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots. These slots transport players into the heart of lush forests, where mythical creatures, ancient trees, and hidden treasures await discovery – play it here.

In this article, we will delve into the captivating world of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots, exploring their captivating features, woodland themes, and their magical gaming experience.

Immersed in the Wonder of Nature with Forest Slots

Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots represent a captivating subgenre within online slot games, drawing inspiration from forests’ lush beauty and mystical aura. They offer a fusion of natural aesthetics, woodland creatures, and the potential for substantial real-money rewards. These slots appeal to fans of nature and wildlife and players seeking an escape into a world of tranquility and enchantment.

Key Features of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

Lush Woodland Aesthetics

The standout feature of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots is their ability to recreate the serene and mystical ambiance of the forest. These games often boast towering trees, moss-covered stones, and enchanting glades—the graphics and animations transport players to a world of natural wonders, creating an immersive gaming experience.

Iconic Forest Symbols

Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots feature symbols emblematic of the woodland realm. Players can expect to encounter woodland creatures like deer and owls, ancient trees, magical toadstools, and the elusive fairies and sprites that inhabit these enchanted woods. These symbols add to the game’s visual allure and play a critical role in determining winning combinations and triggering bonus features.

Woodland Creatures and Mystical Beings

To enhance the forest experience, these slots often incorporate encounters with mythical creatures and mystical woodland beings. Players may interact with fairies, elves, unicorns, and other fantastical inhabitants of the enchanted woods. These interactions add an extra layer of enchantment and engagement to the gameplay, providing players with a sense of wonder and magic.


Forest Magic Bonus Rounds

In Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots, players often engage in bonus rounds that tap into the mystical energies of the forest. These may involve participating in magical ceremonies, uncovering hidden pathways, or seeking the blessings of ancient forest guardians. These bonus rounds immerse players in the enchanting world of the forest, intensifying the gaming experience.

Themes in Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

These slots come in a variety of themes, each offering a different woodland adventure:

Fairy Glades

These slots focus on the magical realms inhabited by fairies and sprites, where players can explore glades, seek hidden treasures, and receive the blessings of forest spirits.

Mystical Creatures

In these games, players encounter mythical creatures like unicorns, centaurs, and magical creatures as they explore the forest’s depths in search of hidden wonders.

Ancient Trees and Guardians

These slots revolve around the wisdom and magic of ancient trees, where players seek out the guidance and blessings of these wise woodland sentinels.

Woodland Treasures

In these games, players embark on quests to discover hidden treasures and uncover the riches that lie within the heart of the enchanted woods.

Winning Real Money in Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

While the immersive themes and woodland aesthetics are the main attractions, players can also win real money while enjoying Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots. These games offer various opportunities to form winning combinations, trigger bonus rounds, and accumulate substantial payouts, much like traditional slots.



Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots offer a uniquely immersive experience within online casino gaming. Whether you’re a fan of magical glades, encounters with mystical creatures, seeking the wisdom of ancient trees, or embarking on quests for woodland treasures, there’s a Forest Slot or Enchanted Woods Slot that can transport you to the heart of nature’s mysteries. With enchanting visuals, iconic woodland symbols, and engaging gameplay, these slots provide a truly unforgettable gaming experience. So, step into the enchanted woods and let the magic of nature guide you on a journey of wonder and discovery!

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Acquiring Sweeps Coins in Sweeptastic for 2023





Sweeptastic is a newly launched sweepstakes casino that is currently in the early stages of establishing itself in the industry. Although there are areas, such as its game library and user interface, that are still undergoing refinement, the casino shows potential, particularly with its attractive welcome offer and continuous promotions. Despite a somewhat limited range of games, Sweptastic offers a decent entry point for players looking to explore the world of sweepstakes casinos.

Legitimacy of Sweeptastic Casino

Assessing the legitimacy of an online gaming site involves subjective judgment, but there are signs and factors that can help determine the intention behind a platform.

One important consideration is the transparency of the owner company, and in the case of Sweeptastic, this information is readily available on the casino’s site – Heuston Gaming Limited with registration number 104624.

Additionally, Sweeptastic has taken steps to enhance transparency and player safety. They provide a page displaying the Return to Player (RTP) of all available games and have a Responsible Gaming page that discusses how players can have the best gaming experience while maintaining control over their habits.

With these measures, including comprehensive information and tools for self-control, Sweeptastic demonstrates a commitment to ensuring the safety and well-being of its players.


Sweptastic has a straightforward system with two virtual currencies: Gold Coins and Sweepstakes Coins, also known as Lucky Coins.

Lucky Coins (Gold Coins)

In Sweptastic, Gold Coins go by the name Lucky Coins. These coins are exclusively for playing games for fun and hold no real-world value. While the casino generously provides them for free, you also have the option to purchase additional Lucky Coins. They serve as a useful tool for exploring games before committing your valuable Sweepstakes Coins.

Sweepstakes Coins

Critical to the sweepstakes casino experience, Sweepstakes Coins are the virtual currency that transforms your in-game winnings into real money. Sweptastic retains the original name, emphasizing that winnings in Sweepstakes Coins can be redeemed for actual cash. Notably, these coins cannot be bought; however, Sweeptastic offers them abundantly through various promotions or as a bonus when you purchase Lucky Coins.

Promotional Offers at Sweeptastic

Promotions at Sweeptastic are designed to set high standards, offering players ample opportunities to enjoy their favorite games and potentially win real money rewards without the need for any purchases. Let’s delve into the details of each promotional offer:

Signup Bonus

Sweeptastic stands out by providing one of the most generous free welcome bonuses in the sweepstakes casino realm – a whopping 27,777 Gold Coins + 10 Sweepstakes Coins.


At the same time, the full offer requires account verification; merely registering grants you an initial reward of 10,000 Lucky Coins (Gold Coins).

Daily Login

Acknowledging active members, Sweeptastic adopts the common practice of a Daily Login Bonus but distinguishes itself with a substantial amount of freebies. Simply log in each day, and the casino automatically boosts your balance with 1,000 Lucky Coins.

Happy Hours

For early birds, Sweeptastic introduces Happy Hours, generously gifting 3,000 Lucky Coins every morning between 7 am and 10 am. This bonus is seamlessly added to your account upon login, requiring no additional steps or claims.

First Purchase Offer

While Sweeptastic lavishes players with substantial free coins, the extensive gaming catalog may lead to their quick depletion. In anticipation of this, the social casino presents two exclusive offers for your initial coin purchase:

  • $17.49 pack – 25,000 LC + 25 SC (30% off)
  • $29.49 pack – 45,000 LC + 45 SC (35% off)

Purchase Methods

Now that you’re acquainted with Sweeptastic’s virtual coins let’s explore the options available if you decide to make a purchase on this casino-style gaming platform. Sweeptastic offers six predefined Lucky Coin bundles, each accompanied by complimentary Sweepstakes Coins. You can make purchases using widely accepted bank cards like Visa, Mastercard, and American Express, among others. Additionally, popular online payment providers are supported, ensuring a seamless transaction experience based on our testing.

Redeeming Prizes

For many players, the most exciting aspect is whether Sweptastic truly pays out real cash prizes. The answer is a resounding yes, and the redemption process is notably faster compared to other sweepstakes casinos. You have various redemption options, including bank transfers, gift cards, and even merchandise if you prefer tangible rewards.


It’s crucial to note that to complete the redemption process; you must verify your account through KYC (providing documents for identity, address, phone, and bank account verification), wager the Sweepstakes Coins at least once (as they are received as a bonus), and have a Sweepstakes Coins balance equivalent to at least $100.


Since its inception, Sweeptastic has set the standard for how things should be done in the sweepstakes casino world. Whether it’s bonuses, games, or player care, this social casino brand truly stands out.

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Enhancing User Engagement And App Discovery: The Impact of User-Friendly Interfaces in App Catalogs




Mobile applications have become an integral part of our daily lives. From social networking to productivity tools, there is an app for everything. With millions of apps available across various platforms, app catalogs are crucial in helping users discover new applications. However, the success of these catalogs greatly depends on user experience, particularly the user-friendliness of their interfaces.

The Significance of User-Friendly Interfaces

User-friendly interfaces are essential elements of app catalogs as they directly influence how users interact with and explore the available apps. A well-designed and intuitive interface can significantly enhance the overall user experience. Here are some key factors that highlight the significance of user-friendly interfaces:

1.1 Navigational Ease

One of the primary benefits of a user-friendly interface is navigational ease. When users can easily browse through app categories, search for specific apps, and access relevant information, they are more likely to engage with the catalog for longer periods.

1.2 Visual Appeal

The visual appeal of an app catalog matters. An attractive and well-organized layout can captivate users and encourage them to explore further. A cluttered or confusing interface, on the other hand, can deter users from using the catalog.

1.3 User Feedback

User-friendly interfaces often include features for user feedback, such as ratings and reviews. This feedback helps users make informed decisions about which apps to download, enhancing their overall experience.

Comprehensive App Collection

APPiX360’s extensive app collection caters to a wide array of interests and needs. The platform regularly updates its offerings with the latest and most popular apps, ensuring users have access to the newest trends and tools. The importance of user reviews and ratings in aiding informed decisions is a testament to the platform’s user-centric approach. The platform’s commitment to ensuring safe downloads is exemplified through its stringent vetting process, which can be illustrated through the safe downloading of the Pin-up app.

Impact on User Engagement

User engagement is a crucial metric for app catalogs. It measures how actively users interact with the catalog, and user-friendly interfaces can have a profound impact on engagement levels:

2.1 Longer Time Spent

A user-friendly interface encourages users to explore more apps, leading to longer sessions within the catalog. When users find it easy to navigate, they are likely to spend more time searching for new apps and discovering content.

2.2 Higher Retention Rates

Apps with user-friendly interfaces tend to have higher retention rates. Users are more likely to return to the catalog regularly if they had a positive experience during their previous visits. This consistent engagement benefits both users and app developers.

2.3 Increased App Downloads

Improved user engagement often leads to an increase in app downloads. When users feel comfortable and confident while using the catalog, they are more likely to take the next step and download apps that pique their interest.


Impact on App Discovery

App discovery is a critical aspect of app catalogs, as it directly affects an app’s success. User-friendly interfaces play a significant role in enhancing the app discovery process:

3.1 Effective Search and Filtering

User-friendly catalogs offer efficient search and filtering options. Users can easily narrow down their choices based on categories, keywords, or ratings. This simplifies the app discovery process and helps users find relevant apps more quickly.

3.2 Personalized Recommendations

Many app catalogs use user data to provide personalized app recommendations. A user-friendly interface makes it easier for catalogs to collect and analyze user preferences, leading to more accurate and appealing app suggestions.

3.3 Social Integration

User-friendly interfaces often incorporate social features, such as sharing and following. These features enable users to discover apps recommended by their friends or influencers, fostering a sense of community within the catalog.


The Pin-Up App Download Experience

As we explore the impact of user-friendly interfaces, let’s take a closer look at the Pin-Up app download experience as an example. Pin-Up is an online casino and sports betting platform that offers a mobile app for users to enjoy their favorite games and place bets conveniently.

4.1 Navigational Simplicity

The Pin-Up app catalog boasts a user-friendly interface that simplifies the navigation process. Users can easily access different sections of the app, such as casino games, sports betting, and promotions, through a well-organized menu.

4.2 Visual Appeal

The catalog’s visual design is visually appealing, featuring vibrant colors and clear graphics. This visually engaging interface captures users’ attention and encourages them to explore the app further.

4.3 User Feedback

Pin-Up’s user-friendly interface incorporates user feedback in the form of reviews and ratings for games and sports events. This feedback helps users make informed decisions about what to play or bet on, enhancing their overall experience.


In conclusion, user-friendly interfaces are instrumental in shaping the success of app catalogs by positively impacting user engagement and app discovery. Navigational ease, visual appeal, and user feedback are key elements that contribute to a user-friendly experience. As demonstrated by the Pin-Up app download experience, a well-designed interface can enhance the overall user journey, leading to higher user engagement, increased app downloads, and improved app discovery. App catalogs that prioritize user-friendliness are more likely to thrive in the competitive digital landscape, benefiting both users and developers alike.

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