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Book value



Book value

The book value (or market value, since some of the companies are still private) is a way of thinking about a company’s price, i.e., the amount that the company is worth. It’s another way to think about whether a company is overpriced or underpriced.

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The book value of a company’s assets is the amount of money that a company’s assets is worth, including tangible assets like buildings, machinery, and inventory. Amortization is the process of writing down the value of a company’s intangible assets, such as goodwill, patents, and trademarks, and their corresponding assets like copyrights, trademarks, and trade secrets, as the assets are consumed. Amortization is a separate process from depreciation, which is the process of accounting for the wear and tear on a company’s assets.. Read more about book value of share and let us know what you think. Home Book Value

26. August 2020
Accounting Adam Hill

  • The P/B ratio compares the market capitalization or market value of a company to its book value.

Market value exceeds book value

A good measure of the value of a shareholder’s remaining claim at any given time is the book value of equity per share (BVP). The carrying amount is the value of an entity’s assets less claims in excess of total equity (for example, the entity’s liabilities). The book value of a share is theoretically the amount of money that would have been paid to shareholders if the company had been liquidated and paid off all its debts. The book value is therefore equal to the difference between the sum of the assets and the sum of the liabilities of the company.

Neither market value nor book value is an objective measure of the value of a company. A company’s books and records generally do not reflect the fair market value of its assets and liabilities, and the market or trading value of its shares is subject to fluctuation. Investors on the stock market often compare BVPS to the market price of a stock in the form of a ratio of market price to BVPS to determine the relative value of the stock. Remember that book value and BVPS do not take into account a company’s future prospects – they are simply a snapshot of total capital needs at a given point in time. The company should still be trading at a price-to-earnings ratio of more than 1x if the market correctly reflects the company’s future prospects and the stock’s growth potential.

At the time of the 2012 10-K, Walmart shares were trading around $61, so the P/BVPS ratio at that time was about 2.9 times. In simple terms, it is the original cost of the ordinary shares issued plus retained earnings less dividends and shares repurchased. BVPS is the book value of the company divided by the issued and outstanding common shares of the company. Book value is the value of an asset based on the company’s balance sheet, which takes the value of the asset and subtracts its depreciation over time. The fair value of an asset is normally determined by the market and agreed by a willing buyer and a willing seller, and can often fluctuate.

Carrying amount

The P/B ratio compares the market capitalization or market value of a company to its book value. More specifically, it compares a company’s stock price to its book value per share (BVPS). The market capitalization (value of a company) is the price of its shares multiplied by the number of shares outstanding. Book value is the ratio of total assets to total liabilities and can be derived from the company’s balance sheet. In other words: When the company liquidates all its assets and pays off all its debts, what remains is the book value of the company.

To calculate the book value, we must subtract the book value of the intangible assets from total equity and then divide the result by the number of outstanding shares. Using Walmart as an example, the value of goodwill on the balance sheet is $20.6 billion (we assume that goodwill is the only intangible asset relevant to this analysis). Again, we want to look at the trend of the ratio over time and compare it to similar companies to estimate relative value. In accounting, the book value is the value of the asset according to the balance sheet account. For assets, cost is determined on the basis of the original cost of the asset less any depreciation and impairment losses incurred on the asset.

However, investors and traders should pay particular attention to the nature of the business and other assets that may be misrepresented in the book value. It can be defined as the net asset value of a company or business, which can be calculated as the total value of assets less intangible assets (i.e. goodwill, patents, etc.) and liabilities. In addition, the book value per share (BVPS) can be calculated based on the equity of the company’s ordinary shares.

The good news is that this figure is clearly stated and generally does not need to be adjusted for analytical purposes. If the auditors have done a good job (and the management of the company is not corrupt), we can use the figure of total capital for analytical purposes.

Why is the fair value greater than the carrying amount?

Difference between book value and market value. The carrying amount of an asset is its historical cost adjusted for subsequent changes such as impairment or depreciation. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset in an open and competitive market.

In other words: Book value generally reflects equity, while fair value reflects the current market price. The market value of an asset is determined by investors at a specific point in time, i.e. based on the current price of the asset traded in financial markets. It is calculated by multiplying the market price per share of a company by the number of shares outstanding. It is subject to change and may at any time be higher or lower than the book value. Book value and market value are two fundamentally different calculations that provide information about the overall financial strength of a company.

A comparison of a company’s book value with its market value can also help investors determine whether a stock is overvalued or undervalued based on its assets, liabilities and ability to generate earnings. However, when analyzing any financial ratio, it is important to recognize the limitations of book value and market value and use a combination of financial ratios when analyzing a company. As with any other financial measure, it is really important to recognize the benefits and limitations of book and market values. An investor must determine when to use book value or market value and when to discount or ignore it in favor of other relevant parameters in its analysis of the company.

Book value versus market value Overview

If XYZ z. B. has total assets of $100 million and total liabilities of $80 million, the carrying value of the entity is $20 million. Essentially, this means that if the company were to sell its assets and pay its debts, the equity or net worth of the company would be $20 million. An even more effective approach is to estimate the tangible book value per share (TBVPS) of the company. The tangible value is the same as the book value, except for the value of intangible assets.Investing in stocks is a bit like putting money into a bank account. The money you put in goes into the company’s account, which itself is managed by a bank. The bank invests the money in assets, which are anything that can be sold, which can then be sold for money. Eventually the money will be returned to you as a dividend.. Read more about book value example and let us know what you think.{“@context”:”https://schema.org”,”@type”:”FAQPage”,”mainEntity”:[{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”How do you calculate book value?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Book value is calculated by subtracting the total liabilities from the total assets.”}},{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”What do you mean by book value?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Book value is the amount of money a company would be worth if it were liquidated.”}},{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”What is the book value of a stock?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” The book value of a stock is the total value of all the assets that are on the company’s balance sheet.”}}]}

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you calculate book value?

Book value is calculated by subtracting the total liabilities from the total assets.

What do you mean by book value?

Book value is the amount of money a company would be worth if it were liquidated.

What is the book value of a stock?

The book value of a stock is the total value of all the assets that are on the company’s balance sheet.

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Enchanted Woods and Forest Slots: Exploring the Mystical Realm of Nature




In the realm of online casino gaming, a genre taps into the enchanting allure of nature and woodland mysteries: Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots. These slots transport players into the heart of lush forests, where mythical creatures, ancient trees, and hidden treasures await discovery – play it here.

In this article, we will delve into the captivating world of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots, exploring their captivating features, woodland themes, and their magical gaming experience.

Immersed in the Wonder of Nature with Forest Slots

Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots represent a captivating subgenre within online slot games, drawing inspiration from forests’ lush beauty and mystical aura. They offer a fusion of natural aesthetics, woodland creatures, and the potential for substantial real-money rewards. These slots appeal to fans of nature and wildlife and players seeking an escape into a world of tranquility and enchantment.

Key Features of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

Lush Woodland Aesthetics

The standout feature of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots is their ability to recreate the serene and mystical ambiance of the forest. These games often boast towering trees, moss-covered stones, and enchanting glades—the graphics and animations transport players to a world of natural wonders, creating an immersive gaming experience.

Iconic Forest Symbols

Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots feature symbols emblematic of the woodland realm. Players can expect to encounter woodland creatures like deer and owls, ancient trees, magical toadstools, and the elusive fairies and sprites that inhabit these enchanted woods. These symbols add to the game’s visual allure and play a critical role in determining winning combinations and triggering bonus features.

Woodland Creatures and Mystical Beings

To enhance the forest experience, these slots often incorporate encounters with mythical creatures and mystical woodland beings. Players may interact with fairies, elves, unicorns, and other fantastical inhabitants of the enchanted woods. These interactions add an extra layer of enchantment and engagement to the gameplay, providing players with a sense of wonder and magic.


Forest Magic Bonus Rounds

In Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots, players often engage in bonus rounds that tap into the mystical energies of the forest. These may involve participating in magical ceremonies, uncovering hidden pathways, or seeking the blessings of ancient forest guardians. These bonus rounds immerse players in the enchanting world of the forest, intensifying the gaming experience.

Themes in Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

These slots come in a variety of themes, each offering a different woodland adventure:

Fairy Glades

These slots focus on the magical realms inhabited by fairies and sprites, where players can explore glades, seek hidden treasures, and receive the blessings of forest spirits.

Mystical Creatures

In these games, players encounter mythical creatures like unicorns, centaurs, and magical creatures as they explore the forest’s depths in search of hidden wonders.

Ancient Trees and Guardians

These slots revolve around the wisdom and magic of ancient trees, where players seek out the guidance and blessings of these wise woodland sentinels.

Woodland Treasures

In these games, players embark on quests to discover hidden treasures and uncover the riches that lie within the heart of the enchanted woods.

Winning Real Money in Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

While the immersive themes and woodland aesthetics are the main attractions, players can also win real money while enjoying Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots. These games offer various opportunities to form winning combinations, trigger bonus rounds, and accumulate substantial payouts, much like traditional slots.



Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots offer a uniquely immersive experience within online casino gaming. Whether you’re a fan of magical glades, encounters with mystical creatures, seeking the wisdom of ancient trees, or embarking on quests for woodland treasures, there’s a Forest Slot or Enchanted Woods Slot that can transport you to the heart of nature’s mysteries. With enchanting visuals, iconic woodland symbols, and engaging gameplay, these slots provide a truly unforgettable gaming experience. So, step into the enchanted woods and let the magic of nature guide you on a journey of wonder and discovery!

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Acquiring Sweeps Coins in Sweeptastic for 2023





Sweeptastic is a newly launched sweepstakes casino that is currently in the early stages of establishing itself in the industry. Although there are areas, such as its game library and user interface, that are still undergoing refinement, the casino shows potential, particularly with its attractive welcome offer and continuous promotions. Despite a somewhat limited range of games, Sweptastic offers a decent entry point for players looking to explore the world of sweepstakes casinos.

Legitimacy of Sweeptastic Casino

Assessing the legitimacy of an online gaming site involves subjective judgment, but there are signs and factors that can help determine the intention behind a platform.

One important consideration is the transparency of the owner company, and in the case of Sweeptastic, this information is readily available on the casino’s site – Heuston Gaming Limited with registration number 104624.

Additionally, Sweeptastic has taken steps to enhance transparency and player safety. They provide a page displaying the Return to Player (RTP) of all available games and have a Responsible Gaming page that discusses how players can have the best gaming experience while maintaining control over their habits.

With these measures, including comprehensive information and tools for self-control, Sweeptastic demonstrates a commitment to ensuring the safety and well-being of its players.


Sweptastic has a straightforward system with two virtual currencies: Gold Coins and Sweepstakes Coins, also known as Lucky Coins.

Lucky Coins (Gold Coins)

In Sweptastic, Gold Coins go by the name Lucky Coins. These coins are exclusively for playing games for fun and hold no real-world value. While the casino generously provides them for free, you also have the option to purchase additional Lucky Coins. They serve as a useful tool for exploring games before committing your valuable Sweepstakes Coins.

Sweepstakes Coins

Critical to the sweepstakes casino experience, Sweepstakes Coins are the virtual currency that transforms your in-game winnings into real money. Sweptastic retains the original name, emphasizing that winnings in Sweepstakes Coins can be redeemed for actual cash. Notably, these coins cannot be bought; however, Sweeptastic offers them abundantly through various promotions or as a bonus when you purchase Lucky Coins.

Promotional Offers at Sweeptastic

Promotions at Sweeptastic are designed to set high standards, offering players ample opportunities to enjoy their favorite games and potentially win real money rewards without the need for any purchases. Let’s delve into the details of each promotional offer:

Signup Bonus

Sweeptastic stands out by providing one of the most generous free welcome bonuses in the sweepstakes casino realm – a whopping 27,777 Gold Coins + 10 Sweepstakes Coins.


At the same time, the full offer requires account verification; merely registering grants you an initial reward of 10,000 Lucky Coins (Gold Coins).

Daily Login

Acknowledging active members, Sweeptastic adopts the common practice of a Daily Login Bonus but distinguishes itself with a substantial amount of freebies. Simply log in each day, and the casino automatically boosts your balance with 1,000 Lucky Coins.

Happy Hours

For early birds, Sweeptastic introduces Happy Hours, generously gifting 3,000 Lucky Coins every morning between 7 am and 10 am. This bonus is seamlessly added to your account upon login, requiring no additional steps or claims.

First Purchase Offer

While Sweeptastic lavishes players with substantial free coins, the extensive gaming catalog may lead to their quick depletion. In anticipation of this, the social casino presents two exclusive offers for your initial coin purchase:

  • $17.49 pack – 25,000 LC + 25 SC (30% off)
  • $29.49 pack – 45,000 LC + 45 SC (35% off)

Purchase Methods

Now that you’re acquainted with Sweeptastic’s virtual coins let’s explore the options available if you decide to make a purchase on this casino-style gaming platform. Sweeptastic offers six predefined Lucky Coin bundles, each accompanied by complimentary Sweepstakes Coins. You can make purchases using widely accepted bank cards like Visa, Mastercard, and American Express, among others. Additionally, popular online payment providers are supported, ensuring a seamless transaction experience based on our testing.

Redeeming Prizes

For many players, the most exciting aspect is whether Sweptastic truly pays out real cash prizes. The answer is a resounding yes, and the redemption process is notably faster compared to other sweepstakes casinos. You have various redemption options, including bank transfers, gift cards, and even merchandise if you prefer tangible rewards.


It’s crucial to note that to complete the redemption process; you must verify your account through KYC (providing documents for identity, address, phone, and bank account verification), wager the Sweepstakes Coins at least once (as they are received as a bonus), and have a Sweepstakes Coins balance equivalent to at least $100.


Since its inception, Sweeptastic has set the standard for how things should be done in the sweepstakes casino world. Whether it’s bonuses, games, or player care, this social casino brand truly stands out.

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Enhancing User Engagement And App Discovery: The Impact of User-Friendly Interfaces in App Catalogs




Mobile applications have become an integral part of our daily lives. From social networking to productivity tools, there is an app for everything. With millions of apps available across various platforms, app catalogs are crucial in helping users discover new applications. However, the success of these catalogs greatly depends on user experience, particularly the user-friendliness of their interfaces.

The Significance of User-Friendly Interfaces

User-friendly interfaces are essential elements of app catalogs as they directly influence how users interact with and explore the available apps. A well-designed and intuitive interface can significantly enhance the overall user experience. Here are some key factors that highlight the significance of user-friendly interfaces:

1.1 Navigational Ease

One of the primary benefits of a user-friendly interface is navigational ease. When users can easily browse through app categories, search for specific apps, and access relevant information, they are more likely to engage with the catalog for longer periods.

1.2 Visual Appeal

The visual appeal of an app catalog matters. An attractive and well-organized layout can captivate users and encourage them to explore further. A cluttered or confusing interface, on the other hand, can deter users from using the catalog.

1.3 User Feedback

User-friendly interfaces often include features for user feedback, such as ratings and reviews. This feedback helps users make informed decisions about which apps to download, enhancing their overall experience.

Comprehensive App Collection

APPiX360’s extensive app collection caters to a wide array of interests and needs. The platform regularly updates its offerings with the latest and most popular apps, ensuring users have access to the newest trends and tools. The importance of user reviews and ratings in aiding informed decisions is a testament to the platform’s user-centric approach. The platform’s commitment to ensuring safe downloads is exemplified through its stringent vetting process, which can be illustrated through the safe downloading of the Pin-up app.

Impact on User Engagement

User engagement is a crucial metric for app catalogs. It measures how actively users interact with the catalog, and user-friendly interfaces can have a profound impact on engagement levels:

2.1 Longer Time Spent

A user-friendly interface encourages users to explore more apps, leading to longer sessions within the catalog. When users find it easy to navigate, they are likely to spend more time searching for new apps and discovering content.

2.2 Higher Retention Rates

Apps with user-friendly interfaces tend to have higher retention rates. Users are more likely to return to the catalog regularly if they had a positive experience during their previous visits. This consistent engagement benefits both users and app developers.

2.3 Increased App Downloads

Improved user engagement often leads to an increase in app downloads. When users feel comfortable and confident while using the catalog, they are more likely to take the next step and download apps that pique their interest.


Impact on App Discovery

App discovery is a critical aspect of app catalogs, as it directly affects an app’s success. User-friendly interfaces play a significant role in enhancing the app discovery process:

3.1 Effective Search and Filtering

User-friendly catalogs offer efficient search and filtering options. Users can easily narrow down their choices based on categories, keywords, or ratings. This simplifies the app discovery process and helps users find relevant apps more quickly.

3.2 Personalized Recommendations

Many app catalogs use user data to provide personalized app recommendations. A user-friendly interface makes it easier for catalogs to collect and analyze user preferences, leading to more accurate and appealing app suggestions.

3.3 Social Integration

User-friendly interfaces often incorporate social features, such as sharing and following. These features enable users to discover apps recommended by their friends or influencers, fostering a sense of community within the catalog.


The Pin-Up App Download Experience

As we explore the impact of user-friendly interfaces, let’s take a closer look at the Pin-Up app download experience as an example. Pin-Up is an online casino and sports betting platform that offers a mobile app for users to enjoy their favorite games and place bets conveniently.

4.1 Navigational Simplicity

The Pin-Up app catalog boasts a user-friendly interface that simplifies the navigation process. Users can easily access different sections of the app, such as casino games, sports betting, and promotions, through a well-organized menu.

4.2 Visual Appeal

The catalog’s visual design is visually appealing, featuring vibrant colors and clear graphics. This visually engaging interface captures users’ attention and encourages them to explore the app further.

4.3 User Feedback

Pin-Up’s user-friendly interface incorporates user feedback in the form of reviews and ratings for games and sports events. This feedback helps users make informed decisions about what to play or bet on, enhancing their overall experience.


In conclusion, user-friendly interfaces are instrumental in shaping the success of app catalogs by positively impacting user engagement and app discovery. Navigational ease, visual appeal, and user feedback are key elements that contribute to a user-friendly experience. As demonstrated by the Pin-Up app download experience, a well-designed interface can enhance the overall user journey, leading to higher user engagement, increased app downloads, and improved app discovery. App catalogs that prioritize user-friendliness are more likely to thrive in the competitive digital landscape, benefiting both users and developers alike.

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