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How To Make The Most Out Of A Career In Public Service



Are you a do-gooder? Do you want to make your community a better place? Do you want to help people who are poor or discriminated against, improve people’s lives through education, work in international affairs or protect people’s health and safety? If this is the case, you might be interested in a career in the public sector.

Planning is integral to developing your career, ensuring that you are always moving in the right direction and that your dreams become a reality. Each province or state has a capability framework within its governmental organizations that is designed to aid in individual career planning. Each framework includes level markers that individuals can use to assess their capability levels while determining what lateral moves are required to achieve their desired ‘level’ or career position. The Public Service Commission must create a high-performing culture in which workforce capability and performance are aligned and focused on achieving organizational goals.

As a result, each government organization must adhere to this framework, which outlines the key capabilities required for each department and job category. These abilities are critical for career advancement because they can provide tangible examples or benchmarks to workers and management of the expectations required of a current role. They can also help guide performance reviews and show an individual team member what they should strive for to advance or successfully transition into a new position. With this in mind, let us look at some of the skills required to have a long and successful career within the public service sector.

Skills required

If you desire to help others and volunteer in your community, public service and administration career may be a good fit for you. These professions place you in a position to truly assist those in need. However, passion alone will not make your career a success. To be a successful public servant, you must have specific skills. However, these will vary from role to role. For example, if you are thinking of public safety Canada jobs, you will have to know about the country’s safety laws and study with an organization such as Laurier’s. However, there are some core skills that will be relevant to most positions. Read on to learn more about the skills you’ll need to fill an important role in your local community, from leadership to navigating a complex political landscape.

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Problem-solving – Employers in the public sector require individuals who can investigate the root causes of problems, apply critical thinking skills to comprehend complex phenomena, and offer and implement solutions.

Trust – Trust is reciprocal; you must be trusted and trust others. Only a few problems will come across your desk once you reach the highest levels of government. Trust that others are being resolved and invest your time in solving complex problems.

Communication – Verbal and written communication skills are essential in almost any job. Still, public servants must be able to communicate with a wide range of people, from superiors and coworkers to clients and patients from various backgrounds. In addition, strong communication skills foster strong relationships, which are essential for success in public service.

Collaborative – There is no independent entity in the public sector. Policies, solutions, and services are developed, implemented, and managed collaboratively, so collaboration, diplomacy, and understanding are essential.

Work experience – Work experience is invaluable if you want to work in a competitive, unique, and diverse industry such as public service. With so many roles and areas to choose from, it can help you figure out where your interests lie and pick up transferable skills that will be useful when applying for jobs, whether in the public or private sector.

Public service jobs

So, you want to make a difference in the world and inspire people through your work but aren’t sure where to start? Traditionally, public service has referred to careers in government. However, the definition has expanded over time to include other sectors that work to improve society. Depending on your interests and the impact you want to make, you could work for:

Local government – Local or regional governments are excellent places to make a difference in the lives of people in your community. Working in local government entails handling various issues such as housing, planning, leisure services, and refuse collection.

Local governments collaborate closely with central government departments on critical education and social services issues. A government officer is a popular career path in this field. Contact with members of the public, councilors, administrators, and specialists in other departments or local authorities is likely in this type of role.

Criminal justice – Criminal justice careers range from investigating crimes and tracking down suspects to apprehending and imprisoning felons. Police officers and detectives, for example, respond to emergencies, conduct traffic stops, obtain warrants, make arrests and even testify in court. Correctional officers keep order within detention facilities, search inmates for contraband, and transport inmates within and outside of the facilities. Police officers, correctional officers, and other criminal justice professionals are responsible for making the community a safer place for everyone.

Nonprofit worker – Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and nonprofit organizations (NPOs) are volunteer groups or institutions that promote positive social and economic change. NGOs include Amnesty International, Doctors Without Borders, and Refugee Councils from various countries. Some NGO workers work in the field, providing life-saving services and educational programs to people in developing countries. Others concentrate on promoting or managing the organization and obtaining additional funding from donors. NGO work is challenging, emotionally draining, and at times dangerous. It is, however, a gratifying career in which you will have the opportunity to assist those in greatest need.

Social services – This involves assisting and caring for the elderly, children, and people with physical disabilities or other special needs. Social workers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, welfare rights officers, care workers, drug abuse workers, and policy development officers are all professionals working in the field.

Teaching – Teachers help shape the next generation and can significantly impact every child or adult they educate. There are now many different ways to get into teaching, whether you’re a graduate who has always wanted to use your skills to teach or someone looking for a career change.

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Some public sector occupations are not limited to the public sector, with many accountants, human resource and information technology specialists, lawyers, and managers working for public and private services.

The application process for the public sector and administration jobs may differ depending on the organization you are applying to. First, investigate the organization to learn about the skills, competencies, and values they seek. Next, examine the organization’s website, as many provide information on their recruitment and selection processes. A career within the public service sector has many benefits, which we will explore next.

The benefits

Some people are curious about the advantages of working in the public and private sectors. So, here are some of the benefits that employees may receive if they look for work in the public sector.

Job satisfaction – The work you do as a public sector team member will impact society to some extent. Knowing that you are helping to build a better future for others can increase your sense of job satisfaction.

Training – There are numerous opportunities for additional training in the public sector. There is also a strong culture of organizations investing in their employees. This is ideal for those eager to learn and grow in their current position.

Flexibility – People in today’s society place a high value on the ability to work flexibly. Many government organizations cater to these needs and provide flexible working as a standard. This is a massive benefit for those studying while working full-time or with other commitments that they need to work around.

Stability – As it is relatively stable, job stability is frequently mentioned as a significant benefit. While profit-driven businesses are vulnerable to closure, public-sector organizations benefit from the strength of government support.

Packages – When considering a job, it is often best to view the entire package rather than just the salary. While public sector salaries may be lower than those in the private sector, public sector employees frequently receive more and better benefits. For example, employees in the public sector can benefit from better working hours, medical coverage, and retirement benefits. The industry also offers job awards and allows overtime to be accrued and paid back in flexible leave. This enables employees to achieve a healthy work-life balance.

Is it for you?

A career means very different things to a young university graduate entering the workforce today than it did to their parents or grandparents. The World Economic Forum predicts that 65 percent of children entering primary school today will end up working in entirely new jobs that do not exist today. People are changing jobs more frequently, whether by choice, new employer demands, or changing economic circumstances. However, while the average job tenure is decreasing, people live and work longer, increasing the overall length of careers. At the same time, skills have shorter shelf lives, owing primarily to ongoing technological advances. This inevitably means workers must update their knowledge throughout their careers.

There are roles suitable for job applicants with a wide range of skills, strengths, backgrounds, and qualifications in local and central government agencies. Opportunities exist for both high school graduates and those with higher education, with various structured training programs available. There are also positions available for graduates of all majors. However, some specializations require a science, math, or technology background. Whether your strength is language, numeracy, administration, or the ability to use programming skills to solve problems, there is a public service role for you.


What is public service? Public service is meant to benefit everyone in the community. It is frequently provided by the government, either directly through one of its agencies or indirectly through the funding of private business initiatives or voluntary organizations. Law enforcement, military services, healthcare, local government, education, and social care are all examples of public services.

Is it easy to get a job in the public sector? No, not always. Public service programs, like any other job, seek the best and most qualified candidates to fill positions. Apply to several opportunities, emphasizing any relevant experience or future goals that the service can help you achieve. Demonstrate how you will be a standout performer.

What are the working hours like? That is dependent on the job. A nonprofit office position may have consistent 9-5 hours. However, you may be expected to pitch in on evenings and weekends when large projects come up. Night shifts and on-call hours may be required in a public safety position, and you may be needed at any time of day or night. Furthermore, you may not be paid for extra hours worked in a job with a set salary.

What is career progression like? Jobs in the public sector and civil service have set grades that you advance through based on your length of service. There are also opportunities to grow within the government, gaining more responsibilities and a higher salary.

How do I get into the public service sector? The public sector is diverse, with a wide range of careers available, so taking advantage of any work experience opportunities is crucial. A placement would help you to identify your interests and give you an idea of what to expect.

What qualifications do I need? This depends on the type of job you want to do, but keep in mind that there are opportunities for those ranging from high school graduates with no additional qualifications to university graduates with degrees or even postgraduate qualifications.

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When Are Pedestrian Accident Cases Considered Negligence?




You’re taking a leisurely stroll on an Edmonton sidewalk, the sun is shining, and you’re minding your own business. The last thing you expect is to find yourself injured due to a vehicular collision suddenly. It’s hard to know what to do next when something so unexpected occurs. However, in such cases, these Edmonton personal injury lawyers can help guide you through the legal maze of pedestrian accident cases.

The Essentials of Negligence: The Four-Pronged Test

When discussing negligence in pedestrian accidents, legal minds often refer to a four-pronged test that includes duty, breach, causation, and damages. Imagine it as four legs of a chair; if any leg is missing, it falls apart. The driver has a “duty” to exercise reasonable care on the road. If they “breach” that duty by, let’s say, texting while driving and hitting a pedestrian, “causation” can be established. Lastly, “damages,” either physical or emotional, must have occurred to the pedestrian for the case to hold water.

The Driver’s Duty: A Responsibility Not to Be Taken Lightly

Drivers in Edmonton are responsible for following traffic laws, maintaining safe speeds, and yielding to pedestrians in crosswalks. Think of it as the same responsibility a captain has for their ship and crew. If a driver disobeys these fundamental rules, they’re not only breaching the law but also putting innocent lives at risk.

Proving Breach of Duty: It’s More Than Just Saying It Happened

Evidence is key here. Collecting photographs, eyewitness accounts, and police reports can be as valuable as gold in a treasure chest. But it doesn’t stop there; your legal team may call in accident reconstruction experts.


Think of these professionals as detectives who can read a ‘crime scene’ and bring aspects of the accident that are not immediately obvious to light.

Causation and Its Tricky Terrain: The Domino Effect

In legal cases, proving that the driver’s negligence caused the pedestrian’s injury can sometimes resemble solving a complex puzzle. In Edmonton, you may need medical experts to trace back the injuries to the accident. These professionals act like the historians of your case, detailing how one event (the accident) led to another (your injuries).

Assessing Damages: The Tallying of Life’s Interruptions

The legal system does its best to quantify something inherently qualitative: your suffering. Damages could be medical expenses, loss of wages, or emotional distress. Imagine these as different jars on a shelf; each needs to be individually assessed but collectively make up the essence of your claim.

Shared Fault in Edmonton: When Both Parties Are at Fault

Edmonton law acknowledges that the pedestrian and the driver sometimes share some level of fault in an accident. This concept, known as contributory negligence, could reduce the compensation you might receive.

Understanding the concept of shared fault is crucial, as it can significantly impact the final compensation awarded. Your legal team will work to determine the extent to which each party bears responsibility for the accident.

When to Consult Legal Aid: Timing is Everything

As soon as the accident occurs, the clock starts ticking. Edmonton has a two-year limitation period for filing a personal injury claim. Procrastinating on this is akin to missing a crucial deadline for a school project; the opportunity to claim might just pass you by.

The timing of seeking legal assistance is critical. Failing to act promptly can jeopardize your ability to pursue a claim. Consulting a personal injury lawyer early ensures your rights are protected, and you have sufficient time to build a strong case.

Settling vs. Going to Court: The Dilemma

Like many other places in Edmonton, most personal injury cases reach a settlement before going to court. However, sometimes negotiations reach a stalemate. The process becomes lengthier, but it may be your best shot at full compensation. The decision between settling and going to court is a strategic one. Your legal team will carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each option, aiming to secure the maximum compensation while considering the potential risks and costs associated with litigation.


Pedestrian accidents can instantly change lives, making Edmonton’s bustling streets appear like dangerous jungles. Knowing when an accident translates into a negligence case isn’t just a legal requirement; it’s crucial for the emotional and financial recovery of the victim. And while the legal process may seem like an insurmountable mountain to climb, rest assured that experienced Edmonton personal injury lawyers are available to guide you every step of the way. Because, in the end, knowing your rights and options can make all the difference in the world.

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Building a Strong Personal Injury Case: Key Considerations




In the fast-paced city of Houston, personal injuries can occur when least expected. The need for skilled representation is crucial, from car accidents to workplace mishaps. Attorney Guss, a Houston personal injury attorney, insists that a strong case isn’t just about presenting facts but also about focusing on key considerations that can make or break your claim. This article highlights seven crucial factors to build a robust personal injury case.

Gathering Concrete Evidence

Concrete evidence serves as the cornerstone of a compelling personal injury case. You’ll need more than just photos of the accident scene. Consider additional forms of evidence like video footage, medical reports, and eyewitness accounts. In our digital age, capturing moments instantly via smartphones is a significant advantage. Such concrete evidence bolsters the credibility of your case, making it difficult for opposing parties to challenge your claims. Therefore, think of yourself as an investigator committed to uncovering the facts—your financial and emotional well-being may depend greatly on this rigorous approach.

Documenting Medical Records

Medical treatment is the immediate concern when an injury occurs, but each doctor visit, test, and prescription serves a dual purpose—it also contributes to your case’s narrative. Securing detailed medical reports can be straightforward in cities like Houston, with its robust medical facilities. These documents serve as vital evidence of your physical suffering and can also be used to estimate future medical expenses. In essence, they are an investment in both your long-term health and the success of your personal injury case. Make sure to keep every medical record in an organized file; you’ll thank yourself later.

Consult Expert Witnesses

While expert witnesses might seem like something straight out of a legal drama, their role in real-life cases is invaluable. These experts can distill complex subjects—like the biomechanics of an injury or the factors leading to an accident—into easily digestible information.


Their expertise provides the missing link between the intricate elements of your case and a jury’s understanding. The credibility they offer can positively influence your case’s outcome, effectively transforming complex scientific data into persuasive testimony.

Financial Loss and Expenses

In personal injury cases, financial damages go beyond immediate medical costs. You could face long-term financial implications, such as job loss or diminished earning capacity. Life moves fast, and you might discover that you’re also missing out on promotions or career growth opportunities while recovering. Documenting every aspect of these financial losses can make your case rock solid. Keep every bill and paycheck stub, and gather testimonials from your workplace highlighting your job performance before and after the accident.

Establishing Liability

Determining who is at fault is crucial in any personal injury claim. Attorney Guss, a Houston personal injury attorney, emphasizes that this is a vital element that can make or break your case. The complexity of establishing liability can vary—sometimes it’s clear-cut, but other times it involves a tangled web of details and multiple responsible parties. Regardless of the scenario, clear-cut liability is the keystone that holds your case together. Concentrate on this aspect and align all your evidence to point unmistakably at the party responsible for your suffering.

Timeline and Chronology

Creating a comprehensive timeline can be likened to drafting the script for your legal journey. This script sets the scene, introduces the characters, and outlines the sequence of events that led to your accident. A well-constructed timeline not only provides clarity but also minimizes room for dispute. It forms a compelling narrative, presenting a straightforward and believable account of the events, something juries can easily follow and appreciate.

Emotional and Psychological Impact

Physical injuries might heal, but emotional scars often linger. The impact of stress, trauma, and long-term mental health issues can sometimes outlast physical wounds. Emotional damages may not be visible on an X-ray, but they significantly affect your quality of life. This emotional layer of your case is intensely personal and equally important. Don’t hesitate to consult mental health professionals and document your emotional journey. Their expert testimony can add another layer of credibility to your case.


Understanding these key factors is essential for building a strong personal injury case and ensuring that you receive fair compensation for your injuries and losses. In a fast-paced city like Houston, where life can be hectic, having this knowledge can help you make informed decisions and secure the financial support you need to move forward after an injury. Working with experienced Houston personal injury lawyers who can guide you through the process, advocate for your rights, and help you achieve the best possible outcome for your case is crucial. With the right legal assistance, you can navigate the complexities of a personal injury claim and focus on your recovery with greater peace of mind.

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How is Child Custody Determined in the State of California?




Are you a parent going through a divorce or separation in California and wondering how child custody is determined? Often, children are caught in the crossfire when their parents file for divorce. Apart from having to deal with their emotions and the big changes they have to face, children also accept the fact that their parents can no longer be together.

In California, the court ensures that the best interests of the child are protected at all times and it assesses several factors to determine custody. If you’re confident about the care and support you can provide for your kid, you can file to claim sole custody.

Here’s how child custody is determined in California:

The Best Interests of the Child

Determining child custody in the state of California involves assessing the best interests of the child. This requires considering factors such as their emotional well-being and stability in order to make a fair and informed decision.

They consider the child’s age, health, and any special needs they may have. The court also looks at each parent’s ability to provide a stable and loving environment, including their mental and physical health.

Additionally, the court takes into consideration any history of abuse or domestic violence. They may also consider the child’s preference, depending on their age and maturity level. Ultimately, the goal is to ensure that the child’s best interests are prioritized and that they are placed in a safe and nurturing environment.

Types of Custody Arrangements

There are various ways parents in California can share responsibilities and make decisions for their children after separation or divorce. When it comes to child custody arrangements, the state recognizes two main types: legal custody and physical custody.

Legal custody refers to the right and responsibility to make important decisions regarding the child’s upbringing, such as education, healthcare, and religious affiliation.

Physical custody, on the other hand, determines where the child will live and the day-to-day care they will receive. Within these types, there are further classifications such as sole custody, joint custody, and split custody.


Sole custody means one parent has the exclusive right to make decisions or live with the child, while joint custody involves both parents sharing the responsibilities. Split custody is when siblings are divided between the parents. The specific custody or child support arrangement will depend on what the court determines to be in the best interests of the child.

Parental Fitness and Ability to Care for the Child

In the state of California, parental fitness and the ability to care for the child are important factors considered during child custody determinations. The court will evaluate each parent’s physical and mental health, as well as their willingness and ability to provide a safe and stable environment for the child.

Factors such as a history of domestic violence, substance abuse, or neglect can heavily impact the court’s decision. It’s important to demonstrate your commitment to your child’s well-being by providing evidence of your ability to meet their needs, including providing a safe home, ensuring their education and medical needs are met, and maintaining a healthy and loving relationship with them.

Evaluation of Parent-Child Relationship

One important aspect judges consider when evaluating the parent-child relationship is the level of emotional connection between them. The court wants to ensure that the child has a close and loving relationship with both parents.

They will assess how well the parent interacts with the child, including the ability to meet their emotional needs and establish a bond of trust. Judges will look for signs of consistent and positive involvement in the child’s life, such as spending quality time together, engaging in activities, and showing affection.

They will also consider the parent’s ability to provide a stable and nurturing environment for the child. The court may interview the child to gather their perspective on the relationship with each parent. Ultimately, the goal is to determine which parent can best support the child’s emotional well-being and foster a healthy parent-child relationship.

Mediation and Alternative Dispute Resolution

Mediation and alternative dispute resolution offer a less adversarial approach to resolving conflicts between parents seeking to establish a healthy co-parenting relationship. In the state of California, these processes are commonly used to help parents come to an agreement regarding child custody arrangements.

During mediation, a neutral third party, known as a mediator, facilitates communication and assists parents in reaching mutually beneficial decisions. This allows parents to have more control over the outcome and promotes cooperation in parenting their child.

Mediation is often preferred because it’s cost-effective, confidential, and less time-consuming than going to court. Additionally, alternative dispute resolution methods such as arbitration or collaborative law can be utilized to settle child custody disputes.

These approaches provide a more amicable environment for parents to resolve their differences, ultimately prioritizing the best interests of the child.

Court Evaluation and Custody Hearings

Court evaluation and custody hearings can be emotionally challenging but provide an opportunity for you to present your case and seek a resolution. During a custody hearing in California, the court will evaluate various factors to determine the best interests of the child.

This evaluation may include interviews with both parents, the child, and any relevant third parties, such as teachers or therapists. The court may also consider the child’s age, health, and emotional well-being. Additionally, they will assess each parent’s ability to provide a stable and nurturing environment, their history of involvement in the child’s life, and any instances of domestic violence or substance abuse.


The court’s primary concern is to ensure the child’s safety and well-being. It is essential to present your case effectively, providing evidence and witnesses that support your ability to meet the child’s needs. Be prepared to answer questions and address any concerns the court may have.

Domestic Violence and Substance Abuse Concerns

It’s important to address concerns about domestic violence and substance abuse in custody cases as these issues can significantly impact the well-being and safety of the child. When determining child custody in California, the court takes these concerns very seriously. If there’s a history of domestic violence or substance abuse, the court may order supervised visitation or even restrict the parent’s access to the child.

The court will consider evidence such as police reports, medical records, or witness testimonies to assess the credibility and severity of the allegations. Additionally, the court may require the parent with substance abuse issues to undergo drug testing or attend counseling programs as a condition for maintaining custody rights.

The primary focus is always on the best interests of the child and ensuring their safety and well-being.

Modification of Custody Orders

If you want to make changes to your custody agreement, you’ll need to show the court that there has been a significant change in circumstances since the original order was made. In California, this is known as a modification of custody order.

The court will consider several factors to determine if a modification is necessary and in the best interest of the child. These factors include the child’s age, health, and emotional well-being, as well as the ability of each parent to provide for the child’s needs.

It is important to provide evidence of the change in circumstances, such as new evidence of domestic violence or substance abuse, to support your request for modification. The court will carefully evaluate the evidence and make a decision based on what is in the best interest of the child.

Legal Representation and Resources

To make sure you have all the support you need, consider seeking legal representation and utilizing available resources. When it comes to child custody matters in California, having a lawyer by your side can be invaluable.

A family law attorney who specializes in custody cases can provide you with expert advice on navigating the complex legal process. They can help you understand your rights and responsibilities as a parent and guide you through negotiations or court proceedings.

Additionally, there are various resources available to assist you in your custody case. The California Courts website offers information and forms related to child custody, and local family law facilitators can provide guidance and assistance free of charge. Support groups and counseling services can also provide emotional support and advice during this challenging time. Remember, you don’t have to go through this process alone.

Seek out the help and resources available to you.


So, now you have a better understanding of how child custody is determined in the state of California. It all comes down to what’s in the best interests of the child. Remember, if circumstances change, custody orders can be modified. Make sure to seek legal representation and use available resources to navigate the process successfully.

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