Connect with us

Journal entries for inventory transactions



Journal entries for inventory transactions

You are a company that produces and sells bicycles. Over time, you would like to get a complete list of the bicycles that you own. You can use a spreadsheet to obtain the list and that would be a reasonable way of doing the sort of thing. However, you would like the list to be a bit more detailed with each bicycle identified by its serial number and its brand name.

To keep a tab on all your inventory transactions, keep a proper log of each and every transaction, which is the most important thing you can do for your business. There are several ways you can do so, but the easiest, and most convenient, and most useful, and most effective way is by using a journal.

Accounting Home Journal entries for stock transactions

4. August 2020
Accounting Adam Hill

Manufacturing companies receive raw materials from suppliers, store them and keep records of the value of the raw materials. When raw materials are recovered for use in production, they are no longer included as part of the material stock. Once a product is completed, it is included in the finished goods inventory cost.

Progress is also a useful indicator for management, as it allows them to track the flow of production and costs. Work in progress (WIP) is a term used in manufacturing and supply chain management to describe unfinished products that have yet to be finished. Work in progress is defined as the cost of raw materials, consumables, supplies, labour and overheads that are incurred for products at the various stages of the production process. Work in progress is part of the inventory account on the balance sheet.

Work in progress is a concept that describes the flow of production costs from one production area to another, and the balance of work in progress represents all production costs incurred on work in progress. The cost of production includes raw materials, consumables, supplies, labour and attributable overhead costs. Business managers and analysts monitor the company’s inventory of work-in-progress to ensure that costs are correctly allocated and that the production process runs smoothly. Customers will not buy partially completed buses, so it is important for the company to keep its order book as small as possible.

Work in progress is an asset Work in progress is simply the cost of work that has been partially completed at the end of the reporting period. The work in progress at the end of the period is included in the company’s balance sheet with the quantities of raw materials and finished products. Work in progress at the beginning of the period includes the measurement of work in progress but not yet completed at the end of the reporting period. Work in progress is not included in stocks of raw materials and is not mature enough to be recognised as finished goods in the balance sheet. Small businesses need to consider how best to estimate their work in progress.

These costs are then transferred to finished goods and finally to the cost of sales. For most manufacturing processes, the costs included in the inventory of goods in process at the end of the process are the raw materials or parts used, the direct labor costs and the indirect production costs. For construction projects or other long-term projects, the components of work in progress are often listed as materials, wages and benefits, subcontracting costs and expenses. In any case, determining the value of work in progress can be time-consuming and companies try to minimise the WIP by the end of the reporting period. The inventory of work in progress is the amount of money spent on units that are in various stages of completion, but are still in production.

During the year, the company incurs $240,000 in production costs and produces $238,000 in finished products. You have $8,000 plus $240,000 minus $238,000, which gives you a work in progress stock of $10,000.

Work in progress

Typically, entities calculate total work in progress at the end of the month, year or other reporting period. The formula for work in progress is as follows: Original work in progress plus cost of sales minus the cost of goods produced.

Production costs may include machine time, additional materials and hourly wages. For example, if during the month your company spent $60,000 on machinery, $40,000 on production equipment, and $100,000 on labor, the cost of production is $200,000. This work-in-progress formula is an estimate, not an exact figure. No allowance is made for additional costs that may arise during the performance of the work, such as. B. the cost of scrap, rejects, or the need to rework certain items. This is often the case when the production process is so short that all work in progress is completed by the time the period ends and the current accounts are closed.


Work in progress (WIP), work in progress goods or work in progress inventories are the partially completed assets of a company awaiting completion and ultimate sale, or the value of those assets. These products are newly manufactured or are waiting in a queue or buffer stock for further processing. In comb manufacturing, the plastic goes into the manufacturing process as a raw material, and then there is the labor required to operate the forming equipment. Since the combs are only partially completed, all costs are charged to work in progress. When the combs are finished, the cost is transferred from goods in process to finished goods, with both accounts being part of the inventory account.

The WIP figure only reflects the cost of these products at an intermediate stage of production. This does not include the value of raw materials not yet included in the goods to be sold. Work in progress also does not include the value of finished goods held in stock for future sale. Work in progress describes the costs of unfinished products that remain in the production process, while work in progress refers to materials that will be converted into products within a short period of time. The terms work in progress and work in progress are used interchangeably to describe products that are in the middle of the manufacturing or assembly process.

The terms work in progress and finished goods are relative terms applied to a particular entity that records its inventories. It is incorrect to assume that the finished goods of one company are also classified as finished goods for another company. For example. For example, a plywood sheet may be a finished product for a sawmill because it is ready to be sold, but the same plywood sheet is considered a raw material for a manufacturer of industrial furniture. From an accounting perspective, activity-based costing is different from task-based costing, which is used when each customer’s task is different.

In the meantime, work in progress is booked separately. Direct materials are materials consumed during the production process of a product. To determine unit costs in Activity-Based Costing, each expense must first be assigned to a process and then classified as either a direct material cost or a product cost.

  • To permit the proper accounting for work in progress, an entity shall determine the final balance of work in progress at the end of each reporting period.
  • At each point in the production process, part of the inventory is converted from raw materials or components to finished goods.

Part of the raw materials, direct labour costs and indirect production costs have been consumed, but the product is not yet fully finished and cannot be transferred to stocks of finished products. Work in progress is a current asset of a manufacturing company and its value should be included in the report Stock – Cost of goods sold.

How do you calculate the inventory of work in progress?

Calculate the closing stock of work in progress as of the 30th. June. Remember: Initial work in progress + DM + DL + MOH – Cost of goods sold = Final work in progress.


What is the value of the stock of work in progress at the end of the period?

The formula for work in progress is as follows: Original work in progress plus cost of sales minus the cost of goods produced.

At each point in the production process, part of the inventory is converted from raw materials or components to finished goods. This portion of total inventory, called work in progress (WIP), is an asset. To permit the proper accounting for work in progress, an entity shall determine the final balance of work in progress at the end of each reporting period.

Review of work in progress

As the combs move from one department (forming, dyeing, packaging) to another, additional costs are incurred in production. Accountants use different methods to determine the number of incomplete units in work in progress. In most cases, accountants consider the percentage of the total cost of raw materials, supplies, labor and overhead to determine the number of units of work in progress in the inventory. The cost of raw materials is the first cost incurred in the process, as materials are needed before labor costs are incurred.

Once these steps are completed, the cost can be divided by the total number of units produced to obtain the unit cost. Deciding how to record the value of work in progress is an important decision for financial accounting and strategic business. Companies need to choose the best approach to estimating inventory to account for these costs and decide how they will ultimately link the cost of work in progress to costs added before products are completed. If the value of the work in progress inventory is $10,000 and the final value of this product at completion is $50,000, the additional production cost of $40,000 must be recorded when added. One of the many processes in your company is the conversion of raw materials into ready-to-use products.

Manufacturing companies need to know how much it costs to manufacture a product in order to set its selling price and determine whether it is profitable. Product costing is the process of determining the operating costs associated with producing a product. When heterogeneous products are produced by the same enterprise, job costing methods are used. These methods identify the product cost factors or activities that determine the amount of costs incurred, and then allocate costs by dividing the costs by the relevant factors. Suppose ABC Widget has an initial outstanding balance for the year of $8,000.

Uncompleted services, as mentioned above, are sometimes used for goods whose completion takes a long time, such as B. Consulting or construction projects. This distinction is not always the norm, so in most situations both terms can be used to refer to a work in progress. This inventory account, like the work in progress account, may include direct labor costs, material costs and indirect production costs. Activity-based costing, on the other hand, tracks the accumulation and distribution of costs associated with the production of homogeneous products. In the foundry, the plastic is placed in a mold and painted before being packaged.

The cost is transferred from inventory to cost of goods sold (COGS) when the combs are finally sold. Work in Process (WIP) is a supply chain management term that describes the cost of goods in process. Since these products are ready for sale, they are not considered work in progress. In the previous example, the machine time to manufacture the finished product was calculated at $50,000, the material cost at $30,000, and the labor cost at $90,000, for a total cost of $170,000 for the finished product. The process of converting raw materials into finished products costs your company time and money.

Sometimes this transition is not completed at the end of your company’s accounting cycle. Work in progress is described as work in progress.

Accountants must use special procedures to determine the value of these products in your company’s financial statements. Work in progress is a term used to describe a product that is in production but not yet finished. This means that work in progress does not include raw materials or finished goods that have not yet been consumed.{“@context”:”https://schema.org”,”@type”:”FAQPage”,”mainEntity”:[{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”What is the journal entry for inventory?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Inventory is an asset that has a cost of $1,000 and a value of $2,000. The journal entry for inventory would be: Inventory: Purchased on account ..$1,000 Cash .$1,000 Inventory: Purchased on account .$1,000 Accounts Receivable: Received from customer .$2,000 Inventory: Purchased on account .$2,000 Accounts Payable: Paid to supplier .$1,000 Retained Earnings: .$1,000 Retained Earnings: $1,000″}},{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”How do you record inventory transactions in accounting?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Inventory transactions are recorded in the accounting system by debiting and crediting the inventory account.”}},{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”How do you account for inventory purchases?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” The company buys inventory to meet the demand for its products.”}}]}

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the journal entry for inventory?

Inventory is an asset that has a cost of $1,000 and a value of $2,000. The journal entry for inventory would be: Inventory: Purchased on account ..$1,000 Cash .$1,000 Inventory: Purchased on account .$1,000 Accounts Receivable: Received from customer .$2,000 Inventory: Purchased on account .$2,000 Accounts Payable: Paid to supplier .$1,000 Retained Earnings: .$1,000 Retained Earnings: $1,000

How do you record inventory transactions in accounting?

Inventory transactions are recorded in the accounting system by debiting and crediting the inventory account.

How do you account for inventory purchases?

The company buys inventory to meet the demand for its products.

Continue Reading


Enchanted Woods and Forest Slots: Exploring the Mystical Realm of Nature




In the realm of online casino gaming, a genre taps into the enchanting allure of nature and woodland mysteries: Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots. These slots transport players into the heart of lush forests, where mythical creatures, ancient trees, and hidden treasures await discovery – play it here.

In this article, we will delve into the captivating world of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots, exploring their captivating features, woodland themes, and their magical gaming experience.

Immersed in the Wonder of Nature with Forest Slots

Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots represent a captivating subgenre within online slot games, drawing inspiration from forests’ lush beauty and mystical aura. They offer a fusion of natural aesthetics, woodland creatures, and the potential for substantial real-money rewards. These slots appeal to fans of nature and wildlife and players seeking an escape into a world of tranquility and enchantment.

Key Features of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

Lush Woodland Aesthetics

The standout feature of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots is their ability to recreate the serene and mystical ambiance of the forest. These games often boast towering trees, moss-covered stones, and enchanting glades—the graphics and animations transport players to a world of natural wonders, creating an immersive gaming experience.

Iconic Forest Symbols

Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots feature symbols emblematic of the woodland realm. Players can expect to encounter woodland creatures like deer and owls, ancient trees, magical toadstools, and the elusive fairies and sprites that inhabit these enchanted woods. These symbols add to the game’s visual allure and play a critical role in determining winning combinations and triggering bonus features.

Woodland Creatures and Mystical Beings

To enhance the forest experience, these slots often incorporate encounters with mythical creatures and mystical woodland beings. Players may interact with fairies, elves, unicorns, and other fantastical inhabitants of the enchanted woods. These interactions add an extra layer of enchantment and engagement to the gameplay, providing players with a sense of wonder and magic.


Forest Magic Bonus Rounds

In Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots, players often engage in bonus rounds that tap into the mystical energies of the forest. These may involve participating in magical ceremonies, uncovering hidden pathways, or seeking the blessings of ancient forest guardians. These bonus rounds immerse players in the enchanting world of the forest, intensifying the gaming experience.

Themes in Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

These slots come in a variety of themes, each offering a different woodland adventure:

Fairy Glades

These slots focus on the magical realms inhabited by fairies and sprites, where players can explore glades, seek hidden treasures, and receive the blessings of forest spirits.

Mystical Creatures

In these games, players encounter mythical creatures like unicorns, centaurs, and magical creatures as they explore the forest’s depths in search of hidden wonders.

Ancient Trees and Guardians

These slots revolve around the wisdom and magic of ancient trees, where players seek out the guidance and blessings of these wise woodland sentinels.

Woodland Treasures

In these games, players embark on quests to discover hidden treasures and uncover the riches that lie within the heart of the enchanted woods.

Winning Real Money in Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

While the immersive themes and woodland aesthetics are the main attractions, players can also win real money while enjoying Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots. These games offer various opportunities to form winning combinations, trigger bonus rounds, and accumulate substantial payouts, much like traditional slots.



Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots offer a uniquely immersive experience within online casino gaming. Whether you’re a fan of magical glades, encounters with mystical creatures, seeking the wisdom of ancient trees, or embarking on quests for woodland treasures, there’s a Forest Slot or Enchanted Woods Slot that can transport you to the heart of nature’s mysteries. With enchanting visuals, iconic woodland symbols, and engaging gameplay, these slots provide a truly unforgettable gaming experience. So, step into the enchanted woods and let the magic of nature guide you on a journey of wonder and discovery!

Continue Reading


Acquiring Sweeps Coins in Sweeptastic for 2023





Sweeptastic is a newly launched sweepstakes casino that is currently in the early stages of establishing itself in the industry. Although there are areas, such as its game library and user interface, that are still undergoing refinement, the casino shows potential, particularly with its attractive welcome offer and continuous promotions. Despite a somewhat limited range of games, Sweptastic offers a decent entry point for players looking to explore the world of sweepstakes casinos.

Legitimacy of Sweeptastic Casino

Assessing the legitimacy of an online gaming site involves subjective judgment, but there are signs and factors that can help determine the intention behind a platform.

One important consideration is the transparency of the owner company, and in the case of Sweeptastic, this information is readily available on the casino’s site – Heuston Gaming Limited with registration number 104624.

Additionally, Sweeptastic has taken steps to enhance transparency and player safety. They provide a page displaying the Return to Player (RTP) of all available games and have a Responsible Gaming page that discusses how players can have the best gaming experience while maintaining control over their habits.

With these measures, including comprehensive information and tools for self-control, Sweeptastic demonstrates a commitment to ensuring the safety and well-being of its players.


Sweptastic has a straightforward system with two virtual currencies: Gold Coins and Sweepstakes Coins, also known as Lucky Coins.

Lucky Coins (Gold Coins)

In Sweptastic, Gold Coins go by the name Lucky Coins. These coins are exclusively for playing games for fun and hold no real-world value. While the casino generously provides them for free, you also have the option to purchase additional Lucky Coins. They serve as a useful tool for exploring games before committing your valuable Sweepstakes Coins.

Sweepstakes Coins

Critical to the sweepstakes casino experience, Sweepstakes Coins are the virtual currency that transforms your in-game winnings into real money. Sweptastic retains the original name, emphasizing that winnings in Sweepstakes Coins can be redeemed for actual cash. Notably, these coins cannot be bought; however, Sweeptastic offers them abundantly through various promotions or as a bonus when you purchase Lucky Coins.

Promotional Offers at Sweeptastic

Promotions at Sweeptastic are designed to set high standards, offering players ample opportunities to enjoy their favorite games and potentially win real money rewards without the need for any purchases. Let’s delve into the details of each promotional offer:

Signup Bonus

Sweeptastic stands out by providing one of the most generous free welcome bonuses in the sweepstakes casino realm – a whopping 27,777 Gold Coins + 10 Sweepstakes Coins.


At the same time, the full offer requires account verification; merely registering grants you an initial reward of 10,000 Lucky Coins (Gold Coins).

Daily Login

Acknowledging active members, Sweeptastic adopts the common practice of a Daily Login Bonus but distinguishes itself with a substantial amount of freebies. Simply log in each day, and the casino automatically boosts your balance with 1,000 Lucky Coins.

Happy Hours

For early birds, Sweeptastic introduces Happy Hours, generously gifting 3,000 Lucky Coins every morning between 7 am and 10 am. This bonus is seamlessly added to your account upon login, requiring no additional steps or claims.

First Purchase Offer

While Sweeptastic lavishes players with substantial free coins, the extensive gaming catalog may lead to their quick depletion. In anticipation of this, the social casino presents two exclusive offers for your initial coin purchase:

  • $17.49 pack – 25,000 LC + 25 SC (30% off)
  • $29.49 pack – 45,000 LC + 45 SC (35% off)

Purchase Methods

Now that you’re acquainted with Sweeptastic’s virtual coins let’s explore the options available if you decide to make a purchase on this casino-style gaming platform. Sweeptastic offers six predefined Lucky Coin bundles, each accompanied by complimentary Sweepstakes Coins. You can make purchases using widely accepted bank cards like Visa, Mastercard, and American Express, among others. Additionally, popular online payment providers are supported, ensuring a seamless transaction experience based on our testing.

Redeeming Prizes

For many players, the most exciting aspect is whether Sweptastic truly pays out real cash prizes. The answer is a resounding yes, and the redemption process is notably faster compared to other sweepstakes casinos. You have various redemption options, including bank transfers, gift cards, and even merchandise if you prefer tangible rewards.


It’s crucial to note that to complete the redemption process; you must verify your account through KYC (providing documents for identity, address, phone, and bank account verification), wager the Sweepstakes Coins at least once (as they are received as a bonus), and have a Sweepstakes Coins balance equivalent to at least $100.


Since its inception, Sweeptastic has set the standard for how things should be done in the sweepstakes casino world. Whether it’s bonuses, games, or player care, this social casino brand truly stands out.

Continue Reading


Enhancing User Engagement And App Discovery: The Impact of User-Friendly Interfaces in App Catalogs




Mobile applications have become an integral part of our daily lives. From social networking to productivity tools, there is an app for everything. With millions of apps available across various platforms, app catalogs are crucial in helping users discover new applications. However, the success of these catalogs greatly depends on user experience, particularly the user-friendliness of their interfaces.

The Significance of User-Friendly Interfaces

User-friendly interfaces are essential elements of app catalogs as they directly influence how users interact with and explore the available apps. A well-designed and intuitive interface can significantly enhance the overall user experience. Here are some key factors that highlight the significance of user-friendly interfaces:

1.1 Navigational Ease

One of the primary benefits of a user-friendly interface is navigational ease. When users can easily browse through app categories, search for specific apps, and access relevant information, they are more likely to engage with the catalog for longer periods.

1.2 Visual Appeal

The visual appeal of an app catalog matters. An attractive and well-organized layout can captivate users and encourage them to explore further. A cluttered or confusing interface, on the other hand, can deter users from using the catalog.

1.3 User Feedback

User-friendly interfaces often include features for user feedback, such as ratings and reviews. This feedback helps users make informed decisions about which apps to download, enhancing their overall experience.

Comprehensive App Collection

APPiX360’s extensive app collection caters to a wide array of interests and needs. The platform regularly updates its offerings with the latest and most popular apps, ensuring users have access to the newest trends and tools. The importance of user reviews and ratings in aiding informed decisions is a testament to the platform’s user-centric approach. The platform’s commitment to ensuring safe downloads is exemplified through its stringent vetting process, which can be illustrated through the safe downloading of the Pin-up app.

Impact on User Engagement

User engagement is a crucial metric for app catalogs. It measures how actively users interact with the catalog, and user-friendly interfaces can have a profound impact on engagement levels:

2.1 Longer Time Spent

A user-friendly interface encourages users to explore more apps, leading to longer sessions within the catalog. When users find it easy to navigate, they are likely to spend more time searching for new apps and discovering content.

2.2 Higher Retention Rates

Apps with user-friendly interfaces tend to have higher retention rates. Users are more likely to return to the catalog regularly if they had a positive experience during their previous visits. This consistent engagement benefits both users and app developers.

2.3 Increased App Downloads

Improved user engagement often leads to an increase in app downloads. When users feel comfortable and confident while using the catalog, they are more likely to take the next step and download apps that pique their interest.


Impact on App Discovery

App discovery is a critical aspect of app catalogs, as it directly affects an app’s success. User-friendly interfaces play a significant role in enhancing the app discovery process:

3.1 Effective Search and Filtering

User-friendly catalogs offer efficient search and filtering options. Users can easily narrow down their choices based on categories, keywords, or ratings. This simplifies the app discovery process and helps users find relevant apps more quickly.

3.2 Personalized Recommendations

Many app catalogs use user data to provide personalized app recommendations. A user-friendly interface makes it easier for catalogs to collect and analyze user preferences, leading to more accurate and appealing app suggestions.

3.3 Social Integration

User-friendly interfaces often incorporate social features, such as sharing and following. These features enable users to discover apps recommended by their friends or influencers, fostering a sense of community within the catalog.


The Pin-Up App Download Experience

As we explore the impact of user-friendly interfaces, let’s take a closer look at the Pin-Up app download experience as an example. Pin-Up is an online casino and sports betting platform that offers a mobile app for users to enjoy their favorite games and place bets conveniently.

4.1 Navigational Simplicity

The Pin-Up app catalog boasts a user-friendly interface that simplifies the navigation process. Users can easily access different sections of the app, such as casino games, sports betting, and promotions, through a well-organized menu.

4.2 Visual Appeal

The catalog’s visual design is visually appealing, featuring vibrant colors and clear graphics. This visually engaging interface captures users’ attention and encourages them to explore the app further.

4.3 User Feedback

Pin-Up’s user-friendly interface incorporates user feedback in the form of reviews and ratings for games and sports events. This feedback helps users make informed decisions about what to play or bet on, enhancing their overall experience.


In conclusion, user-friendly interfaces are instrumental in shaping the success of app catalogs by positively impacting user engagement and app discovery. Navigational ease, visual appeal, and user feedback are key elements that contribute to a user-friendly experience. As demonstrated by the Pin-Up app download experience, a well-designed interface can enhance the overall user journey, leading to higher user engagement, increased app downloads, and improved app discovery. App catalogs that prioritize user-friendliness are more likely to thrive in the competitive digital landscape, benefiting both users and developers alike.

Continue Reading