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Understanding Technical Analysis: A Beginner’s Guide



Looking at price and volume movements is a key part of technical analysis, which may be used to get insight into the market. This data can help traders identify promising profit and safety zones, as well as warning signs to avoid.

Technical analysts examine charts and data to predict future price movements by considering factors such as recent price changes, high-volume areas (which indicate demand from several investors), zones of support and resistance, and technical indicators (such as moving averages). They can then adjust their trading methods accordingly.

Learn the ins and outs of conducting technical analysis on financial assets, how it stacks up against fundamental analysis, and why you should always do it before making any new transactions in this comprehensive guide.

What is Technical Analysis?

In foreign exchange (Forex) trading, as well as with stocks and cryptocurrencies, technical analysis is used to analyze and make sense of price fluctuations and market activity.

Technical analysis is predicated on the idea that the market price of an asset fully and accurately represents all of the information known about it. Thus, most of the time, technical analysts ignore the underlying issues that might affect the value of a currency pair.

Rather, they hold the view that the price already accurately reflects all of the relevant information that a buyer or seller of an asset would need to make a transaction. The use of technical analysis is applicable to both short-term and long-term investing strategies equally.

Difference Between Technical Analysis and Fundamental Analysis

In contrast to fundamental analysis, which involves looking at things like economic statistics, news, and central bank updates to predict price changes, technical analysis is used to make predictions about price movements using candlestick chart patterns and technical indicators.

Technical analysts, in general, favor either day trading or swing trading as their primary time frame. Contrarily, fundamental traders focus on the intermediate to the long term.

What kind of analysis do you think is the most effective? Answering this question correctly is impossible. Technical analysis may be more approachable to newbies, who can then move on to fundamental analysis. Although some investors are content to depend solely on technical analysis, others see the benefit in combining the two. The same holds true for determining the optimal trading strategy: you can’t know for sure until you give it a try.

Three Assumptions of Technical Analysis

Understanding the three primary assumptions upon which technical analysis is founded is the first step in executing this type of analysis.

Market Price Reflects All Asset Factors

The efficient market theory rests on this assumption, which allows investors to disregard the potential impact of any fundamental information on an asset. That’s why price movement analysis is the primary focus of technical analysts and traders.

Asset Prices Follow Predictable Patterns

According to this assumption, even if there are millions of different price movements that are recorded in a single day, price changes are not random because they tend to adhere to certain trends. The primary purpose of using technical analysis is to determine the present trend and then utilize that information to forecast future trends.

Price Patterns Repeat

This assumption is founded on the theory that fear and greed are the primary motivating factors behind price movements in financial markets. For this reason, if the same factors that drive traders’ emotions are present today, then past price patterns tend to be replicated. According to the aforementioned rules, it’s no surprise that technical analysis patterns and methods that have been around for well over a century continue to be useful in modern financial markets.

How to Conduct a Technical Analysis

When incorporating technical analysis into your trading strategy, you should follow these steps as a guide to assist you along the way.


As the initial step in technical analysis, this is essential for traders to determine whether they should trade with or against the trend. The catch is that you need to know if the trend is going up, down, or staying the same for each of these systems individually. A trader’s response to each of these three price movements will vary according to the trading method they employ.

Identifying Support and Resistance

It is common practice to use support and resistance levels to predict when an asset’s price will reverse direction or attempt to break out of a trading range.A support level is a point at which an asset’s downward price trend is temporarily halted due to increased buying demand, at which point the trend turns upward.

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The same logic may be used for resistance levels, which are found when an asset’s upward price momentum begins to fade, and a price reversal is consequently expected. As a result, market participants may find favorable entry points for fresh trades near levels of support and resistance.

Set Entry and Exit Points

When choosing their entry positions, technical traders can take into account a number of other factors in addition to locating zones of support and resistance, which can present good opportunities for profitable trades. The values of many technical indicators, such as the Average True Range (ATR) and the Relative Strength Index (RSI), are included in this category. These are known as volatility indicators, and they can assist a trader in determining whether or not a price move is supported by a sufficient amount of momentum.

Position and Risk Management

Professional traders frequently employ technical momentum and volatility indicators, such as the Average True Range, to aid with position sizing and risk management. Once an entry position has been determined, the ATR can be used to set a stop loss based on the risk/reward ratio you’ve decided to utilize.

Why Use Technical Analysis?

In the trading world, technical analysis is used for the following reasons:

  • Identifying the general direction of the trend
  • Identifying key levels of support and resistance
  • Identifying the most advantageous points at which to enter and exit their trades
  • Risk management and optimal position sizing

Referring to the benefits and drawbacks of utilizing technical analysis in trading can help traders gain a better comprehension of why this type of analysis can have both positive and negative outcomes.

Pros of Technical Analysis

The information presented in technical analysis is simpler and so better suited for novices. However, in order to effectively apply fundamental analysis, one must have a strong awareness not only of macroeconomics but also of other issues, such as geopolitics, that have the potential to influence markets.

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Traders can learn a great deal from examining a chart, which is a visual depiction of sentiment and market psychology in technical analysis. Last but not least, the necessary tools for analyzing the charts are widely available and oftentimes free of charge. However, fundamental analysis may call for the use of costly specialized tools.

Cons of Technical Analysis

Many other indicators exist, and it’s simple to become overwhelmed by the large volume of data. Having more than three technical indicators on your chart might cause confusing and conflicting readings, so it’s best to stick to only one to three. Subjectivity is often a factor in technical analysis. It is possible for two traders to look at the same chart and draw two completely different conclusions.

Technical Analysis Indicators

Here are examples of two widely used indicators:

Moving Average Indicator (MA)

One of the most widely used technical indicators is the moving average indicator, which may be used to spot shifts in the market’s direction. Crossing the short-term MA above the long-term MA, for instance, suggests a possible rising trend in the near future. Traders also frequently use the MA indicator to pinpoint the turning point in an existing trend.

Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD)

The Moving Average Convergence/Divergence indicator can be used to spot moving averages that are beginning to signal a new trend, whether bullish or bearish.


Due to the knowledge gaps that can be filled by technical analysis, many investors use both fundamental and technical analysis in making investment decisions. Traders and investors can increase their long-term risk-adjusted returns by learning technical analysis. Still, they should study and apply the concepts first with virtual money before risking any real money.

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