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When an external cost is present? |



The external cost of borrowing money is the interest rate, and in this case it’s calculated by adding up all sources of income a borrower might incur over the length of their loan.

The “an external cost quizlet” is a question-and-answer website that can be used to test your knowledge of the concept. It has a number of questions and answers, which are all related to the subject.

When an external cost is present? |

When external costs are present, the activity that creates them is underpriced, and the amount needed is too large to be efficient. If demand remains constant, price will rise and quantity required will decrease as external costs are internalized.

What is an external expense, for example?

When products and services are created and used, external expenses are imposed on a third party. Externally costing goods and services are essentially subsidized by society as a whole, which ultimately pays for them.

Also, how can you know whether there are external costs in a market quizlet? When external expenses are present in a market, the volume of the product produced exceeds the amount required for Efficiency in Business. Assume there are external expenses in a market, resulting in a market price of $70 and a market output of 150 units.

People often wonder how to determine the external cost on a graph.

If these costs remain constant, the marginal social cost curve (MSC) represents the total costs of production of Q to society: MSC = MPC + MEC. The region c + d + e + f + g + h represents Q1’s external expenditures.

What is the definition of external benefit?

An external benefit, also known as a positive externality, is a benefit that a transaction or activity offers to a person that is not involved in it. To put it another way, it’s a benefit given to a person who has no influence over whether or not the transaction or activity takes place.

Answers to Related Questions

Is it true that salaries are an external cost?

Wages for labor, building rent, payment for raw materials, equipment expenses, energy and gas charges, insurance, packaging, and transportation costs, for example, are all part of these expenditures. The market price that a customer pays for a commodity or service is often referred to as private expenses.

Who is responsible for external costs?

The economic idea of uncompensated social or environmental repercussions is referred to as external costs (also known as externalities). When individuals purchase gasoline for their cars, they pay for the fuel’s manufacturing (an internal cost), but not for the expenses of burning it, such as air pollution.

What is the distinction between internal and external costs?

Efficiency in Business

Private costs and external costs are distinguished by economists. The expenses incurred by the business manufacturing the item are known as private costs. External expenses are incurred by a party that is not a party to the transaction. The difference between private and external advantages is formed in the same way.

What do private expenses entail?

Direct expenses to the producer for creating the item or service are referred to as private costs. These private expenses, as well as extra (or external) costs connected with the manufacture of the item that are not accounted for by the free market, are included in the social cost.

What are some instances of externalities?

An externality is an economic word that refers to a cost or benefit that a third party incurs or receives. The third party, on the other hand, has no say in the cost or benefit’s creation. Positive externalities include the impact of a well-educated workforce on a company’s productivity.

What is the difference between implicit and explicit cost?

Explicit costs include rent, wages, and other running expenditures. All of this is documented in a company’s financial statements. Implicit costs are opportunity costs, while explicit costs are expenditures paid using a company’s own actual assets.

What are the out-of-pocket expenses of driving a car?

Who should be responsible for the additional expenses of driving? Driving a vehicle has external expenses, as the textbook points out. Pollution has been estimated to cost between Who should pay the external costs of driving? As the textbook points out, driving a car has external costs. The health cost of pollution alone has been estimated between $0.40 and $6.00 per gallon of gasoline consumed. (It is very difficult to measure the health costs..40 and $6.00 per gallon of gasoline used in terms of health costs. (Measuring health-care expenses is very challenging.)

What does it cost to be sociable and private?

Expenses incurred by people and businesses directly participating in economic activity are referred to as private costs. The expenses borne by society as a whole are referred to as social costs. These are the expenses incurred by individuals as well as the costs borne by society as a whole.

What is the difference between external cost and benefit?

When one individual or company affects another outside of any market trade, external costs are imposed. Private costs are lower than social costs when it comes to external expenses. External benefits are produced when a person or a company acts in a way that helps someone else outside of a market transaction.

What produces externalities in the first place?

Poorly defined property rights are the principal source of externalities. Because of the unclear ownership of some items, certain market agents may begin to consume or produce more while a portion of the cost or gain is paid or obtained by a third party.

What are the methods for calculating externalities?

The cost of damages and the cost of control are the two most common quantitative measures used by economists to analyze externalities. In the instance of an oil spill, for example, the cost of damages approach assigns a monetary value to the cost of cleaning required to remove the pollutants and return the habitat to its former condition.

When it comes to externalities, what is the difference between positive and negative externalities?

A positive externality differs from a negative externality in that the former has positive impacts on individuals while the latter has negative ones. A negative externality occurs when an economic activity causes damage to others. Consider an example of each of them.

Why do price caps likely to lead to market imbalances that last?

Why does a price ceiling placed below the market’s equilibrium price likely to produce chronic market imbalances? Because the amount required exceeds the quantity available, yet the price cannot be raised to compensate for the shortfall. The supply of textbooks would be reduced, forcing textbook prices to increase.

What are the two elements that define a public good quizlet?

What are the two criteria that define a public good? property rights that aren’t well-defined or enforced Individuals’ rights to their person and property are protected, and commodities that are difficult to get via markets are given.

What are the differences between internal and external costs?

Internal expenses are straightforward to observe and understand. They are the expenses on which a company sets its pricing. Materials, energy, labor, plant, equipment, and overheads are all included. External costs are expenses that are not included into a company’s pricing.

What are the advantages of schooling on the outside?

Lower government health, welfare, and jail expenses; stronger democracy, human rights, political stability, and social capital; reduced crime and poverty; environmental advantages; improved international competitiveness; and new ideas and technological dissemination are just a few examples.

What does it mean to have an external cost?

An external cost, also known as a negative externality, is a cost imposed on a party that is not involved in the transaction or activity. External benefit, often known as positive externality, is a complimentary concept.

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Personal Finance

Instant Money Transfers: How to Speed Up Your Financial Transactions?




People today are no longer limited to using traditional banking methods and payment options like cash or checks for their financial transactions. With digital payment options becoming increasingly popular, money transfers have become easier. However, while these solutions offer convenience, they only sometimes guarantee a speedy transaction of funds from one party to another. If you need an instant transfer solution that allows you to move your funds without any hassles quickly, keep reading. Here are some tips to help you get started with an instant money transfer:

Find a Trustworthy Money Transfer Provider

Finding a trustworthy money transfer provider is paramount in ensuring your money’s safe and efficient transfer. Start by researching different providers, particularly their reputation, customer reviews, and transaction security protocols. The team at Paysend can help you send money to the Philippines from the USA in just a matter of seconds. A reliable provider should have a robust security framework to guard against fraud and hacking attempts. Additionally, consider the speed of their service, the fees they charge, and the exchange rates they offer.

Some providers may offer attractive transfer rates but compensate with hidden charges, so read the fine print. Customer service is another important factor; a good provider will have a responsive and knowledgeable support team to promptly address any issues or concerns. Regulatory compliance is also crucial – ensure the appropriate financial authorities regulate the provider. Remember, a trustworthy provider prioritizes the security and satisfaction of its customers above all else.

Select Your Preferred Payment Method

Choosing your preferred payment method is a critical step in instant money transfers. Several payment methods are available, and the best choice often depends on one’s circumstances and preferences. The most common payment options include bank transfers, debit or credit cards, and digital wallets. Bank transfers, while reliable, may provide a different speed than some users require. Debit or credit card payments are typically faster but may carry higher fees.

Digital wallets like PayPal or Apple Pay offer speed and convenience, allowing you to transfer funds digitally without requiring bank account information. The factor to consider here is not just the convenience of the payment method but also its transaction speed, security, and associated charges. Always select a payment method that suits your needs regarding these factors.

Sign Up for an Account

Once you have selected the ideal payment method and provider, it is time to sign up for an account. Most providers will require personal information such as your name, address, email ID, and phone number, so make sure the details you provided are accurate. You might also be asked to supply additional documents, such as identification proof and bank statements, to verify your identity.

Sometimes, you may need to link your bank account with the transfer provider’s platform; read through their documentation carefully to understand what steps you need to take. Once the registration process is complete, you can access and use the money transfer service for quick transfers.

Initiate the Money Transfer

Most providers will require you to register on their platform with valid ID documents before proceeding. Enter all the necessary details correctly and accurately, including recipient information and account numbers. Additionally, make sure that you double-check the amount of money being transferred and the associated fees.


Confirm everything is correct before hitting ‘Send’ to avoid costly mistakes or delays in transfer processing. You should receive an email or text message confirming the transfer with your transaction details, including the recipient’s account information and a tracking number. You can use this tracking number to monitor the progress of your money transfer.

Complete the Money Transfer Process

This usually requires providing basic information such as the recipient’s name, address, and contact details. Depending on your provider, you may also need to specify what currency you’re sending and offer additional security authentication. Once this is done, enter the amount you wish to transfer, verify the transaction details, and approve it. After that, your money should be on its way to the recipient’s account immediately.

Some providers offer extra features such as tracking services or reminders for upcoming transfers for added security and convenience. These features can come in handy when sending payments regularly or tracking the status of a transaction. Additionally, look out for any special offers, discounts, or rewards available to loyal customers. Many money transfer providers offer these incentives as a way of showing appreciation and encouraging loyalty among their customers.

Monitor the Status of Your Transfer

Most providers will allow you to monitor the progress of your transfer in real time. Some may even send notifications via email or text message when the money reaches its destination. If you sense any delays, contact customer support for assistance. Money transfers can take a few minutes to several hours, depending on the selected payment method and recipient country.


Finally, always save all records related to your money transfers, including emails and receipts. If there are any discrepancies or disputes, you can refer to these documents for clarification. With the help of a reliable provider and modern payment methods like digital wallets, you can now easily make instant money transfers. So get started today and experience the convenience of instant money transfer services.

Receive and Verify the Transaction

Once the money has been transferred, you or the recipient should receive a notification of completion. At this point, ensuring the transaction was successful, and all details were correct is important. For security purposes, some providers may ask for additional verification from either party to avoid fraud and other malicious activities. This process could include providing a digital signature or proof of identity.

Once the verification is complete, the funds should be available in the recipient’s account almost immediately. If you have any concerns, contact customer support to get assistance or help resolve any issues. Remember that reliable providers prioritize customer satisfaction and security above all else. With these steps, you can now easily and safely transfer money with instant money transfer services.

Nowadays, it’s more important than ever to employ secure digital payment methods in your daily financial transactions. That’s why researching which providers offer the best services regarding speed, security, transaction fees, and customer support pays off. With the right provider, you can have peace of mind knowing that your money transfers will be conducted instantaneously and securely.

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Personal Finance

The Ins and Outs of Getting a Loan With Bad Credit




If financial difficulties or uninformed decisions have left you with bad credit, you may not know where to turn for a loan. While borrowing money with a low credit score may take additional research or work, it’s likely still within your reach.  

Many lenders offer bad credit loans for people who need extra cash but may not have the best credit background. Applying for a loan with bad credit may feel intimidating, but the following considerations could make the process easier.

Start by Checking Your Credit

Before you begin shopping for loans, check your credit report. Some creditors require specific scores for each loan product, even those designed for bad credit, so knowing your score saves you time.

It’s also important to check your credit report for errors that may drag your score down and limit your loan options. You can access this information from Equifax and TransUnion for free online.

Compare Your Options

While a lower credit score likely disqualifies you from some personal loans, you may still have many options. Some lenders offer loans specifically for people with low credit scores who struggle to qualify for other options.


Bad credit loans may require a deposit or other fees, have higher interest rates than other loans, or include income requirements. However, they may also offer a wide range of payment terms and options like online portals that make managing your loan easier. With some research, you could find the right fit for your circumstances.  

Whenever possible, take advantage of loan prequalification. Many lenders allow you to check your potential eligibility for a loan by providing personal and financial information. They use that to run a soft credit check, which doesn’t affect your credit score. If you pre-qualify, they’ll provide information about possible rates and terms. You could complete prequalification forms for multiple loans to help you find your best option.

Improve Your Application

Some financial decisions improve your loan eligibility. A friend or family member with better credit may agree to co-sign your loan. In that case, their financial information influences your eligibility for a loan.

Cosigners take on substantial risk. If you fail to repay your loan, your cosigner becomes responsible. Likewise, issues with the loan could hurt their credit score and put a strain on your interpersonal relationship.  


If multiple lenders have declined your applications for unsecured loans, consider a secured loan instead. Secured loans require collateral, like a deposit, car, or other property. If borrowers don’t repay their loans, lenders may seize the collateral. Lending institutions don’t take on as much risk with secured loans as unsecured loans so they may have more lenient credit requirements for borrowers.

Avoid Scams

Unfortunately, fraudulent lenders often exploit consumers who have limited loan options. Before providing a lender with any personal or financial information, ensure they’re legitimate. Otherwise, you risk having your identity stolen or paying fees for a loan you never receive.

Be wary of anyone offering guaranteed approval or soliciting your business via cold calls. Always verify loan servicers’ contact information and check their reviews on trusted third-party websites.

The Bottom Line

If you have bad credit, you could still qualify for a personal loan. Remember to check your credit score, investigate your options, and confirm a lender’s legitimacy before applying. If you still struggle to qualify, you may need a cosigner or collateral to boost your application.

By taking some extra steps, you can make getting a loan easier and safer.

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Personal Finance

Four Ways to Save on Fuel in 2023





From increasing energy bills to price hikes at online stores and supermarkets, all individuals globally feel the need to make their money to go further and do more. And there has never been a perfect time to know how to save more on fuel than now.

From getting fuel cards with great deals and driving more efficiently to using telematics and keeping your vehicle in good condition, here are different ways to save money on fuel.

Get a Fuel Card

A fuel card can provide you with more than the ability to purchase fuel from a good station. With a fuel card, you can control your business’s fuel spend by getting discounts on fuel pump rates, setting spending limitations, and increasing your cash flow – all enabling you to save a significant amount of money.

Fuel cards allow savings on fuel, which means that the price you pay is always less compared to the one indicated on the fuel pump machine. With numerous fuel cards available out there, find the right partner with excellent deals.

Use Telematics/Advanced Route Planning

Digital telematics solutions come with real-time GPS tracking as well as remote automobile diagnostics helping individuals and company owners to thoughtfully plan the most efficient routes depending on different data points. A high-quality telematics solution also integrates with route optimisation systems to plan the most efficient routes and offer turn-by-turn directions and navigations.


Well-planned routes allow automobiles to get from point C to D efficiently, significantly minimising time spent and distance covered, saving on fuel. Heavy-duty automobiles can avoid routes with steep hills. You can also re-plan a hilly route for a light and medium-duty automobile.

But as you do that, ensure the route you choose doesn’t take your drivers too far. Side-step all congested routes and those that require excessive stopping and starting or cause unnecessary idling.

Drive More Efficiently

One of the proven ways to save on fuel is to manage driver behavior. Whether you’re a driver or fleet manager, you need to keep yourself or drivers accountable for how they utilize their fuel cards.

You should also reinforce ways to conserve fuel through safety training – many of the behaviors that are taught as techniques of safe driving, such as driving more efficiently. Most businesses and individuals use telematics to control driver behavior, such as harsh accelerating or braking, to maximize return on investment by minimizing fuel spend.

Keep Your Vehicle in Good Condition

If you keep your automobile in excellent condition by servicing it in line with the guidelines of the manufacturer, it’ll help you save on fuel costs. Fix any faults quickly to make sure your vehicle is operating efficiently.


When you keep your car in excellent condition, you’ll enjoy numerous benefits, saving fuel being one of them. A vehicle that isn’t serviced based on the guidelines of the manufacturer can increase the consumption of fuel by approximately 50%.

Integrate these four ways into your automobile’s daily activities, and you’ll be able to save on fuel.

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