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IAS 38 — Intangible Assets



IAS 38 — Intangible Assets

The IAS 38 deals with the classification of intangible assets. It is a part of the Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) of the Accounting Standards Issue, effective from January 1, 2016.

Intangible assets have a variety of names, including: goodwill, brand value, brand name, tradename, or trademarks. They are the value a business can expect to receive from its assets in the future, based on the strength of the name and reputation of the company.

Accounting Home IAS 38 – Intangible assets

9. October 2020
Accounting Adam Hill

Accounting for the cost of developing software for external use in a flexible environment

Does the software need to be activated?

Step Two: Application Development. Capitalize costs incurred in developing software for internal use, which may include coding, hardware installation, and testing. All costs related to data conversion, user training, administration and overhead should be expensed as incurred.

Examples of real assets are machinery, goods, inventory, buildings, land and real estate. When items with a high dollar value are capitalized, the costs are effectively spread out over several periods of time. This prevents the company from incurring large cost spikes in a given period due to expensive fixed asset purchases. The company will initially report a higher profit than if the costs had been fully expensed.

Applying GAAP in a dynamic environment

The purpose of the principle of congruence is to enter the expenditure in the same period as the corresponding revenue. In other words: The objective is to relate the value of the asset to the periods in which it is used, and therefore generates income, rather than to the period in which the original expenditure was incurred. Fixed assets will generate income over their useful lives. Therefore, their value can be depreciated over a long period of time.

Property, plant and equipment are long-term assets that are essential to the business and cannot be readily converted to cash. The acquisition of property, plant and equipment is a sign that management believes in the long-term prospects and profitability of its operations.

Capitalized costs are costs that are added to the cost of an asset on a company’s balance sheet. Capitalised costs are incurred in connection with the construction or acquisition of property, plant and equipment. Capitalised costs are not charged to the income statement in the period in which they are incurred but are recognised over time through depreciation or amortisation. Capitalised costs are recognised as part of the underlying asset and are not expensed in the period in which they are incurred. Activation is used when an item is expected to be consumed over a long period of time.

Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) Statement No. 51 Accounting and financial reporting for intangible assets. Software development costs are classified according to the stage of the development process at which they are incurred. In general, the planning and testing costs necessary to determine whether a product can be manufactured in accordance with the design specifications or the maintenance costs are considered to be operating costs.

I would like to know if these donations can be activated, currently we spend them, the amounts are huge. We consider endowments to be costs directly related to bringing an asset to the required condition to operate in accordance with management’s plans. By capitalizing costs, the company follows the principle of accounting consistency.

Incorrect capitalization of costs can lead investors to believe that the company’s profit margin is higher than it really is. Depreciation and amortization are sometimes used interchangeably to refer to the same concepts in accounting. However, depreciation is essentially the allocation of the cost of property, plant and equipment over their useful lives, whereas amortisation is the allocation of the cost of intangible assets over their useful lives. Amortization of software varies depending on whether it is acquired for use or developed for sale.

  • Incorrect capitalization of costs can lead investors to believe that the company’s profit margin is higher than it really is.
  • However, depreciation is essentially the allocation of the cost of property, plant and equipment over their useful lives, whereas amortisation is the allocation of the cost of intangible assets over their useful lives.
  • Depreciation and amortization are sometimes used interchangeably to refer to the same concepts in accounting.

In the case of capitalized costs, the monetary value does not leave the company when the product is purchased, but continues to exist as capital or intangible assets. Software development costs also include the costs of developing software used solely for internal purposes and cloud-based applications used to deliver our services.

These costs can only be capitalized as long as the project requires additional testing prior to implementation. Capitalised costs are initially recognised as assets at cost. These capitalised costs are transferred from the balance sheet to the income statement when they are amortised or impaired. For example, the $40,000 burner mentioned above may have a useful life of 7 years and a residual value of $5,000 at the end of that period. The depreciation cost for the coffee machine would be $5,000 per year (($40,000 initial cost – $5,000 residual value) / 7 years).

When costs are capitalized, they are spread out over time through depreciation (for intangible assets) or amortization (for property, plant and equipment). A short-term variant of the capitalization concept is to book expenses to an accrual account, making the expense an asset. In our company we carry out many megaprojects, such as the construction of power plants. Sometimes we have to make strategic donations to the community or region where we are building the plant, because without these donations the project will not be able to be completed.

We capitalize development costs related to these software applications once the preliminary design phase is complete and it is probable that the project will be completed and the software will be used to perform the intended functions. The capitalized costs for the development of these software applications were not material in the periods presented. IAS 38 was revised in March 2004 and applies to intangible assets acquired in business combinations on or after 31 December 2004. Intangible assets acquired on or after March 31, 2004 and other intangible assets for fiscal years beginning on or after March 31, 2004 are included in the consolidated financial statements. March 2004. Property, plant and equipment are fixed assets such as real estate, plant and equipment. B. Facilities, Land and Equipment.

Agile approach

Many investors have different views on the accounting treatment of software development costs. However, if you choose to capitalize software development costs, most investors prefer that the costs be recorded consistently and that the methods be carefully documented. Includes all intangible assets, such as the value of patents, radio licences and copyrights. Of the three phases of software development – preliminary design phase, application development phase and post-implementation/exploitation phase – only the costs of the application development phase need to be capitalised. Examples of costs that a company can capitalize are the salaries of employees working on a project, their bonuses, the cost of debt insurance, and the cost of converting data from old software.

Tangible fixed assets are depreciated over time if their net book value decreases as a result of their use in the economic activity. Investments include all significant investments in assets that will be recognized in the company’s balance sheet.

IAS 38 Intangible Assets sets out the requirements for accounting for intangible assets, i.e. non-monetary assets without physical substance that are identifiable (either individually or by virtue of contractual or other legal rights). Costs related to the development of software for sale are recorded as assets. Such an asset is considered an intangible asset because of its intangible existence and is amortized as it has a useful life due to obsolescence and other reasons. Their acquisition cost is depreciated progressively over time until they are no longer used at the end of their useful life. Software development is often inconsistently capitalized, which can make it difficult for investors to analyze data and financial projections.

Development costs incurred after establishing the technological feasibility and before bringing them to the market are considered as capital expenditure. Financial assets are resources that can be converted into a cash equivalent at any time. This includes assets such as promissory notes, bank balances, bonds, stocks, trade receivables and cash reserves. On the other hand, real assets are physical resources that generate value and are owned by the economic entity.{“@context”:”https://schema.org”,”@type”:”FAQPage”,”mainEntity”:[{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”Which intangible asset can be Recognised in the financial statement according to IAS 38?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Intangible assets are not recognised in the financial statement according to IAS 38.”}},{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”What are the 5 intangible assets?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Intangible assets are assets that cannot be seen or touched. They include intellectual property, customer relationships, brand equity, and reputation.”}},{“@type”:”Question”,”name”:”What is the accounting treatment for research and development costs under IAS 38 Intangible Assets?”,”acceptedAnswer”:{“@type”:”Answer”,”text”:” Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.”}}]}

Frequently Asked Questions

Which intangible asset can be Recognised in the financial statement according to IAS 38?

Intangible assets are not recognised in the financial statement according to IAS 38.

What are the 5 intangible assets?

Intangible assets are assets that cannot be seen or touched. They include intellectual property, customer relationships, brand equity, and reputation.

What is the accounting treatment for research and development costs under IAS 38 Intangible Assets?

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.

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Enchanted Woods and Forest Slots: Exploring the Mystical Realm of Nature




In the realm of online casino gaming, a genre taps into the enchanting allure of nature and woodland mysteries: Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots. These slots transport players into the heart of lush forests, where mythical creatures, ancient trees, and hidden treasures await discovery – play it here.

In this article, we will delve into the captivating world of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots, exploring their captivating features, woodland themes, and their magical gaming experience.

Immersed in the Wonder of Nature with Forest Slots

Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots represent a captivating subgenre within online slot games, drawing inspiration from forests’ lush beauty and mystical aura. They offer a fusion of natural aesthetics, woodland creatures, and the potential for substantial real-money rewards. These slots appeal to fans of nature and wildlife and players seeking an escape into a world of tranquility and enchantment.

Key Features of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

Lush Woodland Aesthetics

The standout feature of Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots is their ability to recreate the serene and mystical ambiance of the forest. These games often boast towering trees, moss-covered stones, and enchanting glades—the graphics and animations transport players to a world of natural wonders, creating an immersive gaming experience.

Iconic Forest Symbols

Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots feature symbols emblematic of the woodland realm. Players can expect to encounter woodland creatures like deer and owls, ancient trees, magical toadstools, and the elusive fairies and sprites that inhabit these enchanted woods. These symbols add to the game’s visual allure and play a critical role in determining winning combinations and triggering bonus features.

Woodland Creatures and Mystical Beings

To enhance the forest experience, these slots often incorporate encounters with mythical creatures and mystical woodland beings. Players may interact with fairies, elves, unicorns, and other fantastical inhabitants of the enchanted woods. These interactions add an extra layer of enchantment and engagement to the gameplay, providing players with a sense of wonder and magic.


Forest Magic Bonus Rounds

In Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots, players often engage in bonus rounds that tap into the mystical energies of the forest. These may involve participating in magical ceremonies, uncovering hidden pathways, or seeking the blessings of ancient forest guardians. These bonus rounds immerse players in the enchanting world of the forest, intensifying the gaming experience.

Themes in Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

These slots come in a variety of themes, each offering a different woodland adventure:

Fairy Glades

These slots focus on the magical realms inhabited by fairies and sprites, where players can explore glades, seek hidden treasures, and receive the blessings of forest spirits.

Mystical Creatures

In these games, players encounter mythical creatures like unicorns, centaurs, and magical creatures as they explore the forest’s depths in search of hidden wonders.

Ancient Trees and Guardians

These slots revolve around the wisdom and magic of ancient trees, where players seek out the guidance and blessings of these wise woodland sentinels.

Woodland Treasures

In these games, players embark on quests to discover hidden treasures and uncover the riches that lie within the heart of the enchanted woods.

Winning Real Money in Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots

While the immersive themes and woodland aesthetics are the main attractions, players can also win real money while enjoying Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots. These games offer various opportunities to form winning combinations, trigger bonus rounds, and accumulate substantial payouts, much like traditional slots.



Forest Slots and Enchanted Woods Slots offer a uniquely immersive experience within online casino gaming. Whether you’re a fan of magical glades, encounters with mystical creatures, seeking the wisdom of ancient trees, or embarking on quests for woodland treasures, there’s a Forest Slot or Enchanted Woods Slot that can transport you to the heart of nature’s mysteries. With enchanting visuals, iconic woodland symbols, and engaging gameplay, these slots provide a truly unforgettable gaming experience. So, step into the enchanted woods and let the magic of nature guide you on a journey of wonder and discovery!

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Acquiring Sweeps Coins in Sweeptastic for 2023





Sweeptastic is a newly launched sweepstakes casino that is currently in the early stages of establishing itself in the industry. Although there are areas, such as its game library and user interface, that are still undergoing refinement, the casino shows potential, particularly with its attractive welcome offer and continuous promotions. Despite a somewhat limited range of games, Sweptastic offers a decent entry point for players looking to explore the world of sweepstakes casinos.

Legitimacy of Sweeptastic Casino

Assessing the legitimacy of an online gaming site involves subjective judgment, but there are signs and factors that can help determine the intention behind a platform.

One important consideration is the transparency of the owner company, and in the case of Sweeptastic, this information is readily available on the casino’s site – Heuston Gaming Limited with registration number 104624.

Additionally, Sweeptastic has taken steps to enhance transparency and player safety. They provide a page displaying the Return to Player (RTP) of all available games and have a Responsible Gaming page that discusses how players can have the best gaming experience while maintaining control over their habits.

With these measures, including comprehensive information and tools for self-control, Sweeptastic demonstrates a commitment to ensuring the safety and well-being of its players.


Sweptastic has a straightforward system with two virtual currencies: Gold Coins and Sweepstakes Coins, also known as Lucky Coins.

Lucky Coins (Gold Coins)

In Sweptastic, Gold Coins go by the name Lucky Coins. These coins are exclusively for playing games for fun and hold no real-world value. While the casino generously provides them for free, you also have the option to purchase additional Lucky Coins. They serve as a useful tool for exploring games before committing your valuable Sweepstakes Coins.

Sweepstakes Coins

Critical to the sweepstakes casino experience, Sweepstakes Coins are the virtual currency that transforms your in-game winnings into real money. Sweptastic retains the original name, emphasizing that winnings in Sweepstakes Coins can be redeemed for actual cash. Notably, these coins cannot be bought; however, Sweeptastic offers them abundantly through various promotions or as a bonus when you purchase Lucky Coins.

Promotional Offers at Sweeptastic

Promotions at Sweeptastic are designed to set high standards, offering players ample opportunities to enjoy their favorite games and potentially win real money rewards without the need for any purchases. Let’s delve into the details of each promotional offer:

Signup Bonus

Sweeptastic stands out by providing one of the most generous free welcome bonuses in the sweepstakes casino realm – a whopping 27,777 Gold Coins + 10 Sweepstakes Coins.


At the same time, the full offer requires account verification; merely registering grants you an initial reward of 10,000 Lucky Coins (Gold Coins).

Daily Login

Acknowledging active members, Sweeptastic adopts the common practice of a Daily Login Bonus but distinguishes itself with a substantial amount of freebies. Simply log in each day, and the casino automatically boosts your balance with 1,000 Lucky Coins.

Happy Hours

For early birds, Sweeptastic introduces Happy Hours, generously gifting 3,000 Lucky Coins every morning between 7 am and 10 am. This bonus is seamlessly added to your account upon login, requiring no additional steps or claims.

First Purchase Offer

While Sweeptastic lavishes players with substantial free coins, the extensive gaming catalog may lead to their quick depletion. In anticipation of this, the social casino presents two exclusive offers for your initial coin purchase:

  • $17.49 pack – 25,000 LC + 25 SC (30% off)
  • $29.49 pack – 45,000 LC + 45 SC (35% off)

Purchase Methods

Now that you’re acquainted with Sweeptastic’s virtual coins let’s explore the options available if you decide to make a purchase on this casino-style gaming platform. Sweeptastic offers six predefined Lucky Coin bundles, each accompanied by complimentary Sweepstakes Coins. You can make purchases using widely accepted bank cards like Visa, Mastercard, and American Express, among others. Additionally, popular online payment providers are supported, ensuring a seamless transaction experience based on our testing.

Redeeming Prizes

For many players, the most exciting aspect is whether Sweptastic truly pays out real cash prizes. The answer is a resounding yes, and the redemption process is notably faster compared to other sweepstakes casinos. You have various redemption options, including bank transfers, gift cards, and even merchandise if you prefer tangible rewards.


It’s crucial to note that to complete the redemption process; you must verify your account through KYC (providing documents for identity, address, phone, and bank account verification), wager the Sweepstakes Coins at least once (as they are received as a bonus), and have a Sweepstakes Coins balance equivalent to at least $100.


Since its inception, Sweeptastic has set the standard for how things should be done in the sweepstakes casino world. Whether it’s bonuses, games, or player care, this social casino brand truly stands out.

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Enhancing User Engagement And App Discovery: The Impact of User-Friendly Interfaces in App Catalogs




Mobile applications have become an integral part of our daily lives. From social networking to productivity tools, there is an app for everything. With millions of apps available across various platforms, app catalogs are crucial in helping users discover new applications. However, the success of these catalogs greatly depends on user experience, particularly the user-friendliness of their interfaces.

The Significance of User-Friendly Interfaces

User-friendly interfaces are essential elements of app catalogs as they directly influence how users interact with and explore the available apps. A well-designed and intuitive interface can significantly enhance the overall user experience. Here are some key factors that highlight the significance of user-friendly interfaces:

1.1 Navigational Ease

One of the primary benefits of a user-friendly interface is navigational ease. When users can easily browse through app categories, search for specific apps, and access relevant information, they are more likely to engage with the catalog for longer periods.

1.2 Visual Appeal

The visual appeal of an app catalog matters. An attractive and well-organized layout can captivate users and encourage them to explore further. A cluttered or confusing interface, on the other hand, can deter users from using the catalog.

1.3 User Feedback

User-friendly interfaces often include features for user feedback, such as ratings and reviews. This feedback helps users make informed decisions about which apps to download, enhancing their overall experience.

Comprehensive App Collection

APPiX360’s extensive app collection caters to a wide array of interests and needs. The platform regularly updates its offerings with the latest and most popular apps, ensuring users have access to the newest trends and tools. The importance of user reviews and ratings in aiding informed decisions is a testament to the platform’s user-centric approach. The platform’s commitment to ensuring safe downloads is exemplified through its stringent vetting process, which can be illustrated through the safe downloading of the Pin-up app.

Impact on User Engagement

User engagement is a crucial metric for app catalogs. It measures how actively users interact with the catalog, and user-friendly interfaces can have a profound impact on engagement levels:

2.1 Longer Time Spent

A user-friendly interface encourages users to explore more apps, leading to longer sessions within the catalog. When users find it easy to navigate, they are likely to spend more time searching for new apps and discovering content.

2.2 Higher Retention Rates

Apps with user-friendly interfaces tend to have higher retention rates. Users are more likely to return to the catalog regularly if they had a positive experience during their previous visits. This consistent engagement benefits both users and app developers.

2.3 Increased App Downloads

Improved user engagement often leads to an increase in app downloads. When users feel comfortable and confident while using the catalog, they are more likely to take the next step and download apps that pique their interest.


Impact on App Discovery

App discovery is a critical aspect of app catalogs, as it directly affects an app’s success. User-friendly interfaces play a significant role in enhancing the app discovery process:

3.1 Effective Search and Filtering

User-friendly catalogs offer efficient search and filtering options. Users can easily narrow down their choices based on categories, keywords, or ratings. This simplifies the app discovery process and helps users find relevant apps more quickly.

3.2 Personalized Recommendations

Many app catalogs use user data to provide personalized app recommendations. A user-friendly interface makes it easier for catalogs to collect and analyze user preferences, leading to more accurate and appealing app suggestions.

3.3 Social Integration

User-friendly interfaces often incorporate social features, such as sharing and following. These features enable users to discover apps recommended by their friends or influencers, fostering a sense of community within the catalog.


The Pin-Up App Download Experience

As we explore the impact of user-friendly interfaces, let’s take a closer look at the Pin-Up app download experience as an example. Pin-Up is an online casino and sports betting platform that offers a mobile app for users to enjoy their favorite games and place bets conveniently.

4.1 Navigational Simplicity

The Pin-Up app catalog boasts a user-friendly interface that simplifies the navigation process. Users can easily access different sections of the app, such as casino games, sports betting, and promotions, through a well-organized menu.

4.2 Visual Appeal

The catalog’s visual design is visually appealing, featuring vibrant colors and clear graphics. This visually engaging interface captures users’ attention and encourages them to explore the app further.

4.3 User Feedback

Pin-Up’s user-friendly interface incorporates user feedback in the form of reviews and ratings for games and sports events. This feedback helps users make informed decisions about what to play or bet on, enhancing their overall experience.


In conclusion, user-friendly interfaces are instrumental in shaping the success of app catalogs by positively impacting user engagement and app discovery. Navigational ease, visual appeal, and user feedback are key elements that contribute to a user-friendly experience. As demonstrated by the Pin-Up app download experience, a well-designed interface can enhance the overall user journey, leading to higher user engagement, increased app downloads, and improved app discovery. App catalogs that prioritize user-friendliness are more likely to thrive in the competitive digital landscape, benefiting both users and developers alike.

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